100 million dollars per year was earmarked for improving marital outcomes in

100 million dollars per year was earmarked for

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100 million dollars per year was earmarked for improving marital outcomes in low-income families. Assumptions: Children would be better off if they were raised by two, married, biological parents. We know how to increase healthy marriage among low-income parents. Government has a legitimate role in trying to influence parents marital behavior.
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These programs overwhelmingly failed Did not improve marital outcome (no evidence) Assumed couples did not value marriage (especially low-income couples) Found that they valued marriage more than higher-income couples. Outside pressures predicted success of marriage The stress of having a low-income affected their marriages Intervention, Health, and Stress A Test of Interventions The Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) Improve communication and commitment Compassionate and Accepting Relationships through Empathy (CARE) Program Uses and ICBT approach to improve acceptance and empathy Relationship Awareness Focuses on the motivation to use the skills they have No treatment After Three Years 16.3% of couples had broken up Which group fared the worst? No treatment: 24% Which group fared the best? It was a tie! 11% Acute and Chronic Stress We think of stress as a negative thing A feeling of anxiety Not doing your best Acute stress is useful because we want to respond to stressors Diagnosed with an illness- you want to deal with it ASAP Exams- you want to take responsibility in order to be successful It can be adaptive When stressors become chronic, you become furious, but you cannot really deal with it Chronic stress is less manageable and is more detrimental to people’s health The situation cannot be resolved Two Route Model of Stress Effects Route 1: The content of the relationship Route 2: Response to relationship problems Stress gives rise to marital problems and marital satisfaction Stress = poor responses to marital issues, marital satisfaction Stress disrupts ability to communicate effectively Social Support The existence of social relationships Social support can intervene with your stress and make you feel better The structure of one’s social networks Enacted social support Actual instances of social support What is Enacted Support? Fulfillment of fundamental needs by other people Aid in response to stressful life events Paradox of Social Support
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Perceived support The idea that support is available to one in the future and has been available in the past Enacted or received support A single instance of support Ex: care package for finals The paradox of social support Perceived support is associated with very positive outcomes, but actual support is associated with negative outcomes, in particular negative mood
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