is testable against the empirical world, the conclusions are tentative, and is falsifiable. Evolution science falls into this category because it is based upon natural law and can be tested and observed using comparative morphology, the fossil record, and other techniques. Creation science does not qualify as science based on these standards becauseit is not based upon natural law, but rather faith based opinions and cannot be tested or falsified with current capabilities.2)Research the Kitzmiller vs. Dover School District in District Court of Pennsylvania in 2005. What did the Dover School Board require and why were they sued? Then discuss Judge Jones’ decision and what this means concerning the nature of science and faith. Make sure to clarify the essential characteristics of science. Describe howevolutionary studies fit these characteristics whereas ‘intelligent design creationism’ does not.The Dover School Board was requiring their science courses to state that intelligent design is an alternative to the theory of evolution. Intelligent design can be defined as "the theory that life, or the universe, cannot have arisen by chance and was designed and created by some intelligent entity." Judge Jones declared that the intelligent design statement violated the Constitution's separation of church and state, therefore it must be removed from the public education system. The basis of this trial was that the ID statement had little to no scientific evidence to support it and the recommended book contained "outdated concepts and flawed science". Judge Jones stated that "after a searching review of the record and applicable caselaw, we find that while ID arguments may be true, a proposition on which the Court takes no position, ID is not science." This likely means that he looked over past cases such as the Arkansas Act 590 case and used those described definitions of science to base his ruling upon. Evolution science falls intothe category of true science because it is based upon natural law and can be tested and observed using techniques such as comparative morphology and observation of the fossil record. Intelligent design is not based on any natural laws and cannot be tested or falsified because it is suggesting that a higher entity is controlling the outcome of things.
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