Age of 3 are able to understand general categories ○ Understand that members of the same categories share similar characteristics ● Children can understand hypothetical categorization as well ○ Ex: toaster and tea pot ● Children have an understanding of the innate properties of a category ○ Ex: racoon ● Our understanding of categorization in children is limited ● Under three → are not able to categorize, will call cereal a soup ● 3 → preoperational, can categorize Animal Categorization ● Baboons can be taught to classify objects with high accuracy ● Can non-human animals categorize items as humans do? ● Scientists taught baboons to classify objects as food or non-food using instrumental conditioning ○ Were able to categorize new objects into these categories with 90% accuracy, learned quickly ● Baboons can also be taught to classify using more abstract rules ○ Tried to get them to categories weather items belonged to the abstract categories of “same” or “different” ○ 90% accuracy with practise ● Animal categorization may not necessarily demonstrate language ability ○ Innate limitations of the ability to categorize concepts Categorization explains the social phenomenon of stereotyping ● Stereotyping assumes that an entire social group of people shares the same characteristics, traits, and behaviours which forms your impression of the group ● When you encounter new people of the social group, you may assume that this new individual will have this stuff in common too (conforming to your prototype)
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- Winter '14