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and eventually turned on them. Weimar GermanyThe Weimer Germany was the post-war Germany that eventually cameto be governed by war hero Paul von Hindenburg. The government suffered from attacks by the far left and right. The government seemed to not work, because they could not effectively govern. In addition to this, the country was being faced by an economic crisis. This opened up the possibility for someone to take advantage of the vulnerable German people just like in Italy. Emergence of Adolf HitlerBorn in 1889, Adolf Hitler was the son of an Austrian customs official. He failed his secondary education, and attempted to become an artist inVienna where he also failed. Hitler credits his time spent in Vienna with forming his philosophy and worldview. After the war, Hitler searched for purpose and found politics. Rise of the NazisHitler joined the German Worker’s Party (right-wing extremist nationalist party) in Munich. By the summer of 1921, Hitler was now in charge of said party. He renamed them the Nazis (National Socialist German Worker’s Party). Hitler quickly formed a strong PR foundationfor the group with flags, badges, uniforms, and even a militia. Hitler’s public speaking skills attracted thousands of people quickly increasing the group’s population. When it seemed like the German government was on the verge of collapsing, Hitler, decided to attempt to overthrow the government. It failed and he was jailed for five years. Here was when Hitler wrote Mein Kampf.Nazi Seizure of PowerThe elections from 1930 to 1932 showed how important the Nazi partyhad become in Germany. The Nazis pulled of a great political campaign designed to deceive the people, so that they could gain power. Once Hitler and his party had finally reached the Reichstag, they realized that they could not win over all of Germany through votes. The elite saw Hitler as someone with great influence so they convinced Hindenburg to let Hitler become chancellor of a new government. He worked the political system to give himself the powersof a dictator. Stalinist Era in Soviet Union, p.770Stalin launched his first five-year plan in 1928. This plan called for a massive industrialization of the whole country. For Russia, having beenprimarily agricultural, this was a massive move. Because the move wasso quick, it didn’t plan how much suffering the people would have to endure for it. Stalin began to spread propaganda to keep the people’s support. Those who did not comply were sent into camps in Siberia. Stalin’s obsession with control led to him executing the Old Bolsheviks, and many other groups/people that might threaten his power. Since the birthrate was low, Stalin began to encourage women to have sex, ban abortion, and praise the ideal family. Stalin also did some good when it came to the education of the people. He enabled many to pursue higher education.World War II, p. 783Role of HitlerHitler saw the German people as the leading race of Aryans. They werethe supreme race. They were threatened by the Slavic people in the east(Russia). In order to combat these people Hitler believed that owning
more land would put him in a position in which he could take Russia and enslave/exterminate its people. After the Russian revolution Hitler