Urinary tract obstructionCorrect Answer:c. Urinary tract obstructionQuestion 201 out of 1 points
If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor?Selected Answer:a. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)Correct Answer:a. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)Question 211 out of 1 pointsA 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience?Selected Answer:b. HematuriaCorrect Answer:b. HematuriaQuestion 221 out of 1 pointsA 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor?Selected Answer:a. HypokalemiaCorrect Answer:a. HypokalemiaQuestion 231 out of 1 pointsWhile turning a patient with chronic renal failure, which principle should the nurse recall? Bone fractures are a risk factor in chronic renal failure because:Selected Answer:c. The kidneys fail to activate vitamin D.Correct Answer:c. The kidneys fail to activate vitamin D.
Question 241 out of 1 pointsOn average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.Selected Answer:c. 20% to 25%Correct Answer:c. 20% to 25%Question 251 out of 1 pointsA 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:Selected Answer:c. Acute glomerulonephritisCorrect Answer:c. Acute glomerulonephritisQuestion 260 out of 1 pointsA 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most likely to occur?Selected Answer:c. ExtrarenalCorrect Answer:d. PostrenalQuestion 271 out of 1 pointsA nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse knows the tumors are found in the:Selected Answer:a. KidneysCorrect Answer:a. Kidneys
Question 281 out of 1 pointsWhen the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use?Selected Answer:b. Macula densaCorrect Answer:b. Macula densaQuestion 291 out of 1 pointsA 25-year-old female presents with burning urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely infecting her urinary tract?Selected Answer:d. Escherichia coliCorrect Answer:d. Escherichia coliQuestion 301 out of 1 pointsWhen a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:Selected Answer:d.
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- Spring '15
- Chronic Renal Failure, Flank pain, Acute glomerulonephritis