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The creative, situational application of scientific knowledge through judgment and experience-Creative ability to devise a practical solution-Involves conceiving strategies and tactics and developing plans of action to suit a given situationDynamic of War:-War is a social phenomenon. It is a competitive human interaction.-Human beings interact with each other in ways different from the way a scientist works with chemicals or formulas or the way an artist works with paints or musical notes.-Because of this dynamic of human interaction, fortitude, perseverance, boldness, esprit, and other traits not explainable by art or science are essential in war.Conclusion War is one of the most demanding and trying of human endeavors.War is an extreme test of will.Friction, uncertainty, fluidity, disorder, and danger are its essential features.
War displays broad patterns that can be represented as probabilities, yet it remains fundamentally unpredictable.Minor actions and random incidents can have disproportionately large—even decisive—effects.War takes its fundamental character from the dynamic of human interaction.Friction - Mental, physical, external, self-induced All actions in war are based on incomplete, inaccurate, or even contradictory information – TrueTheory of WarPolicy and Politics War is an extension of both policy and politics with the addition of military force.Policy and politics are related but not synonymous.Politics refers to the distribution of power.Policy refers to the conscious objective established within the political process.War must serve policy.There are two ways to use military force to impose our will on an enemy.- Make the enemy helpless to resist us by physically destroying his military capabilities.- Convince the enemy that accepting our terms will be less painful than continuing to resist.President directs department of defense (national defense strategy) Joint Chief of staff (national military strategy) MEANS OF WAR AND THE SPECTRUM OF CONFLICTAt one end of the conflict spectrum are actions referred to as stability operations, which encompass the use of a broad range of military capabilities to deter war, resolve conflict, promote peace, and support civil authorities. At the other end of the spectrum is general war, a large-scale, sustained combat operation such as global conflict between major powers.Stability OperationsStability operations are various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the U.S. in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment, provide essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief.Stability operations are more probable than a major regional conflict or general war. Most political groups simply do not possess the military means to wage war at the high end of the spectrum.
General WarThis is a large-scale, sustained combat operation such as global conflict between major powers. Policy