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brd ænd btr – bread and butterɛˈ ʌ əm t ænd grit – meet and greetɪm st ðbs – missed the busɪəʌ
IV. Non-Verbal Cues (Gestures)Public speakingTo be an effective speaker you must projectearnestness, enthusiasm, and sincerity by makingyour manner and actions affirm what you say.Audience determines if you:•are sincere•welcome the opportunity to address them•truly believe what you’re saying•are interested in them and care about them•are confident and in control of the situationElements of Nonverbal elements of PublicSpeaking•physical appearance•Posture•Gestures•body movements•facial expressionWhy Physical Actions help?When you demonstrate purposeful, effectivephysical action while speaking in front of anaudience, you provide a true barometer of yourfeelings and attitudes.1. Messages Are More Memorable.People become bored with static presentations.2. Punctuation Adds Meaning.gestures, body movements, and facial expressions3. Nervous Tension Is ChanneledFear and nervousness in public speaking work onthree levels: oEmotional- conquered by self-confidenceoMental- by product of preparation andexperience oPhysical- conquered through conscious useof gestures and body movementsFive general methods for strengthening your body’sspoken image1.Eliminate Distracting Mannerisms“The speaker who stands and talks at ease is the onewho can be heard without weariness. If his postureand gestures are so graceful and unobtrusive that noone notices them, he may be counted trulysuccessful.”-Dr. Ralph C. SmedleyMannerism are:•Rocking•Swaying•Pacing•gripping or leaning on the lectern•tapping the fingers•biting or licking the lips •jingling pocket change •frowning •adjusting hair or clothing •turning the head and eyes from side to sidelike an oscillating fanphysical manifestations of simple nervousnessand they are performed unconsciouslySTEPS IN ELIMINATING SUPERFLUOUSMANNERISMS•obtain an accurate perception of your body’sspoken image•eliminate any physical behavior that doesn’tadd to your speeches:•by being aware of your problem areas •by conscious self-monitoring during futurepresentations.•If you have several problem areas, work onone at a time. 2.BeNatural,Spontaneous,andConversational.
The single most important rule for making yourbody speak effectively is to be yourself. Theemphasis is on communication and the sharing ofideas – not on performance or sermonizing.Don’t try to imitate another speaker. Instead, letyourself respond naturally and spontaneously towhat you think, feel, and say. Strive to be asgenuine and natural as when you talk with friends orfamily members.3.Let Your Body Mirror Your Feelings.“A person under the influence of his feelingsprojects the real self, acting naturally andspontaneously. A speaker who is interested willusually be interesting.”-Dale Carnegie (Father of modern publicspeaking)4.BuildSelf-ConfidencethroughPreparation.