tourism must capture the composition or components of the tourism system as

Tourism must capture the composition or components of

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tourism must ‘‘ capture ’’ the composition or components of the tourism system, as well as the key processes and outcomes that occur within tourism. These processes and outcomes include the very essence of tourism, the travel experience, and the supporting means by which tourism is made possible. Figure 1.2 attempts to describe the complexity of the relationships among the many components of the tourism phenomenon. The Tourist The very heart of the tourism phenomenon model is unequivocally the tourists and the travel experiences that they seek when visiting a tourism destination. In order for a destination to provide stimulating, high-quality experiences, it is critical that both policy makers and managers be able to understand tourists motivation for pleasure travel, as well as the multiple factors that in uence their selection of a destination, their mode of travel, and their ultimate choice among the myriad activities that may ful fi ll their travel needs. It is only when we understand the tourist as fully as possible that we can proceed to develop the facilities, events, activities, and programs that will distinguish a given destination, thus making it uniquely attractive to the tourist. Natural Resources and Environment A fundamental dimension of the model indeed, the very basis of much tourism is the natural resources and environment component. Any given destination is primarily and unchangeably characterized by its physiography (the nature and appearance of its landscape) and its climate (the kind of weather it has over a period of years; i.e., the conditions of heat and cold, moisture and Tourism is engaging in wonderful, fun, family experiences while on vacation. Visiting an interactive zoological park such as Jungle Island and enjoying an encounter with lorikeets is a memorable experience. Photo courtesy of Jungle Island. Components of Tourism and Tourism Management E 9
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dryness, and wind). Finally, the third component of the natural environment is people. In the case of people, we must distinguish between two very important categories of individuals: (1) those who ‘‘ belong ’’ to the destination (its residents), and (2) those who are current or potential visitors to the destination (the tourism market). The Built Environment Another dimension of the tourism phenomenon is the built environment that has been created by humans. This built environment fi rst includes the culture of the residents of the host region. As discussed in Chapter 10, the culture of a people re ects many dimensions of its past development and its current way of life. Culture is a very permanent characteristic of a destination, and one that cannot (and should not) be changed simply to enhance tourism development.
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