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tactics are reactive. Preventing crime involves public education and awareness. It is a result of discipline andinfluences. On such levels, the police have little control. Therefore, it is suitable to say that police patrols are reactivebecause of the population size that these officers handle (Skogan 1999). Unless there is an alternative surveillancemethod, patrols rely on the discretion of the police officers on patrol. Even then, in many nations and states, thepolice to population ratio is often one to more than a hundred citizens. So considering dispersal across a zone, it isimpossible for police to be in every area and prevent crimes.Moreover, it also occurs that because the police are noticeable, thus, the patrol methods are often reactive. Forexample, since criminals and those intending to create disorder are, without a doubt, organized, they can form abuffer (Ericson, 1982). This barrier of communication often occurs because the methods of patrol are spontaneous.For example, the police cannot stop all vehicles on the roads for inspection. Instead, it depends on their discretion.Hence, it is possible for the criminals to maneuver the police vigilance, just because they can identify the officersquickly. As it were, patrol methods are reactive as they are not only indefinite, in dealing with a larger population,but also because of police plausibility, which prevents crime control.Numerous studies have shown patrol has little effect on crime or the fear of crime. If so, Why do departmentsrefuse to change?The findings that police patrols are ineffective in crime reduction or the elimination of the fear are valid. But wemust also recall that there are three other aims of the patrols, apart from crime control. These are order maintenance,traffic enforcement, and service duties (Ericson, 1982). Many departments refuse to change the patrol policiesbecause there is the need to maintain a police presence in the community. On a sociological perspective, these patrolsallow the officers to mingle with the citizens and even serve in other areas. As a result, the participation in patrolkeep the personnel active and enhance the connection to the public. It makes the police function relevant, as officerscoordinate to understand the trends in the community with the population. In principle, the police is a public officerin charge of law and order. Therefore, although the police cannot deter anyone from committing crimes, they canintervene. Otherwise, the absence of police will lead to disorder, where it some sections of the public can break the
laws without fear of retribution.Furthermore, the police patrols are relevant because they demonstrate the readiness to serve. Through the patrols,police are ready to serve at any call. It is in coordination with the call centers. In general, the purpose of the police isnot to chastise the population, but to caution against breaching the law and wrecking disorder. The fear of crimes isbeyond the police control. If anything, the presence of police should be an enough consolation to those in fear. Even