o Teachings of Guru Nanak The most important teaching of Nanak was on the

O teachings of guru nanak the most important teaching

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o Teachings of Guru Nanak: The most important teaching of Nanak was on the nature of God. God is one, preceding all divisions. God is known directly by experience through encounter within the believer. God has the character of Nirguna Brahman, except that he wills to be Saguna Brahman, making himself known to individuals in a relationship of love. His unity include the world, which manifest his glory. God is too great to be identical with the world; the world is in him, but he exceeds its greatness. God is one reality. Apart from him there is no happiness or immortality. Humans are essentially souls in bodies. The soul has functions of Atman, mind, and emotions. The soul is made for communion with God; when separated from God, it suffers. For a soul that loves God, being in the body does not cause suffering. However, for a self centered soul, loving only itself, body and world can intensify suffering. The world can be a place of beauty for the soul who loves God properly; it is a place of suffering for a soul that loves self more than God. Through their love, humans are either drawn to God or separated from him. By their wills, humans control their lives. God’s name is his personal being and the means by which he is known. God is the essential Guru, the one who brings truth that leads to salvation. God also expresses his truth through the divine law, Hakum. It regulates all order of the universe, and those who learn it are led to God.
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The focus of Sikhism is God, who exists in the human heart. Humans turn inward to their own hearts, to find God. The grace of God then helps humans love God more and the world less. Sin is weakened and Goodness is strengthened. Sikhism is so internal that Nanak cared little for the external ceremonies of the Hindus or Muslims. He replaced their rituals with hymns—singing praises to God. Guru Nanak thought there are 5 stages in a person’s progress toward union with God. The 1 st stage is a piety that honors God and his law and seeks to help others The 2 nd stage increases knowledge. Sikhs learn that the world is beyond comprehension and that other people have experienced God in their hearts. This knowledge leads Sikhs beyond self- centeredness to a greater love of God. The 3 rd stage is effort or humility, which focuses on knowing God within the heart. Sikh’s listen to God’s word in creation. The 4 th stage is being filled with the power of the spirit. Sikhs realize God in their heart, experience peace and fulfillment, and know that beyond death they can join God. The 5 th stage is an experience of Truth. Sikhs enter into union with God. The Nine Gurus after Nanak: o Angad o Amar Das o Ram Das o Arjan o Har Gobind o Har Rai o Har Kishan o Teg Behadur
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o Gobind Rai In 1699, Guru Gobind emphasized the fierce stuggle with the world the Sukhs had to face and need for sacrifice. He invented every man willing to sacrifice his life to the sword to come to his tent. Five men entered, expecting death. Then Guru Gobind brought them out alive, for the blood of an animal had been on his sword.
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