Religious belief systems also typically contain

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Religious belief systems also typically contain prescriptions for socializationrelated to the three main outcomes:i.Self-regulationii.Role preparationsiii.Sources of meaningc.In general, adolescents and emerging adults in developed countries re lessreligious than their counterparts in traditional cultures. Developed countriessuch as Japan and the countries of Europe tend to be highly seculari.Secular – Based on nonreligious beliefs and valueii.Social desirability The tendency for people participating social sciencestudies to report their behaviour as they believe it would be approved byothers rather that as it actually occurred.VII.relationship between cultural beliefs and moral development.a.Steps in moral developmenti.Heteronomous morality – Piaget's term for the period of moraldevelopment from about ages 4 to about 7, in which moral rules areviewed as having a sacred, fixed quality, handed down from figures ofauthority and alterable only by themii.Autonomous morality – Piaget’s term for the period of moraldevelopment from about ages 10 -12, involving a growing realization thatmoral rules are social conventions that can be changed if people decidethey should be changesiii.Preconvention reasoning – In Kohlberg’s theory of moral developmentthe level in which moral reasoning is based on perceptions of thelikelihood of external rewards and punishmentsiv.Conventional reasoning – In Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, thelevel of moral reasoning in which the person advocated the value of
VIII.emergence of political beliefs in adolescence.
Psychology Lesson 5I.Transitions from adolescence to adulthood in traditional and Western culturesa.Vocabularyi.Sex – The biological status of being male or female.ii.

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