Emperor want to step in local authorities but local in allied with the Pope 3

Emperor want to step in local authorities but local

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Emperor want to step in local authorities, but local in allied with the Pope3.Nobody in Rome is the monarchy, nobody knows who is running the show4.No secure political order belongs to certain people sustainingiii.The Rule of Bastards1.King Lear – I am the king’s son!2.The son of the pope 3.No lame in dynastic sense!iv.The Results (1): Local Family Feuds1.Politics become local and violent2.Condottieri – war lords, achieve by fighting wars, early modern states3.Warriors for Condottieri: like Japanese samurai, paid money to fight, but gave family to condottieri to make sure they fight the enemyv.The Results (2): Expansionist City States1.Condottieri, war lords, duke – short lived murdered by others2.Lodovico Sforza 1452-1508, Duke of Milan, political genius 3.Feudal order4.City State – political businesses done, 5 parts in Italy: Milan, Rome, Florence, Aragon (Naples), and a northern one with different political structures and elites (Paples)5.Competition between the five
6.Venice – trading center7.Cities with defenders, hiring fighting people from middle Europe (Switzerland, France…)8.Violence as a tool to political expansion9.Betrayals vi.The Results (3): The Sciences of Statesmanship1.3 Development states to achieve peacea.Foreign Policiesb.Diplomacy – ambassadors, diplomats/visas, diplomatic class in Italy, Giangalezaao Visconti in Milani.New First order bureaucrats, education provided c.Borders – no longer dynasties but states, city states2.Domestic Policies a.Election, city councils, people involved in people governor b.Political structure, assess people’s wealth and record, see tax c.The idea of citizenship – citizens are subject, need to know who they belong to, for those who are citizens, they are equal statusvii.Machiavelli, Theorist of the New State1.In section2.Transitional figure, most intelligent observer in 15c, the decline of that world, power down from the north3.Conclusions: Ideologies of Secular Powera.New kinds of political powerb.Centralization, autonomy, military courses, understanding of the prince, self-madecenter, reorganized political order, create legitimacy 2018/8/30 Lecture 3 Reborn Through the AncientsThink this class as A Map from 1450-present (Big history)Connection between culture and politics, idea of liberty (disciplinary of state…)A pair with the Tuesday lecture1.The Republic of Florence a.Twice as big as London (small grubby, later became big) at 15c, smaller than Paris; Extraordinary rich, urban elites powerful and independentb.Introductioni.The City between the Powers1.Between the state of the church and Milan, in competition with Venice (called republic, but held by a big family)ii.Defensive Leagues1.Due to Florence’s geo position, need alliancesiii.The Threat of an Expansionist Milan
1.Gian Gakeazzo Visconti bought the position of the duke of Milaniv.The Salvation of Florencec.The Empire of Libertyi.Florence As Concept and Symbol1.The uniqueness of Florence liberty – Coluccio Salutati, 13902.“respect liberty at home, but also maintain it beyond our borders”3.

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