Provides 4 Calories of energy per gram Monosaccharides on sugar subunit

Provides 4 calories of energy per gram

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 6 pages.

Provides 4 Calories of energy per gramMonosaccharides-> on sugar subunitMonomersMacromolecules (building blocks of larger more complex carbohydratesGlucose, fructoseContain 1 sugar subunits, release energy very quickly, and are used up quicklySimple carbs1 of the 3 types of carbohydratesIn fruitFormula- 6 carbon, 12 hidrogen, 6 oxegenIsomers, all use this formula, same ratio, 1:2:1Same chemical formula, different structuresWhen you put 2 Monosaccharides together, you get a DisaccharideFormula is 12 carbon, 22 hydrogen and 11 oxygenThe left over 2 hydrogen and 1 oxygen form a water moleculeHydrate= Add water, Dehydrate= take away waterSynthesis= put togetherDehydration synthesis: putting together complex organic compounds by taking away water.Lysis: split/break apartHydrolysis: breaking up organic compoundsby adding waterUse these things to put together and take apart Disaccharides or any other organic compoundsDisaccharides:2 saccharides connected by Dehydration SynthesisFormula- C12H22O11 (missing H2O, water)SourcesSucrose (table sugar)Lactose (in dairy)Maltose (grains)Takes 1 hour to break up, more energy than a monosaccharide, takes about 2 times as long to break up
Background image
Polysaccharides (learn difference between different saccharides)Composed of 5 monosaccharidesC60H110055Dehydration Synthesis makes themHydrolysis breaks them downCellulose: makes up plantsFiberStarchGive energy, but takes 12-24 hoursStores energy in plants, in roots and stemsComplexGlycogenMade in animal cells Made for the purpose of short term energy storageRegulates blood sugarChitinForms exoskeleton of arthropods (lobsters, crayfish, crabs,insects)DigestibleLibidsFats, oils, waxes, and steroidsMade of 3 fatty acids and a glycerol moleculeCalled triglyceride“E” shapedGives of 3 water (for 3 prongs of E)Gives a lot of energy, but takes a lot to break downProvides:Long-term energy storage (fat, oil) Insulation from cold (fat)Waterproofing (wax)Structure for cell membranes (phospholipids)Controls body functionsSaturated Fats:All double bondsSolid at room temperature
Background image
Image of page 5

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 6 pages?

  • Fall '12
  • EllenFierer

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes