relax the airways, keeping them from closing any further. Beta2-adrenergics increase bronchial ciliary activity, the SABAs have a quick onset and short duration of action, relieving bronchospasms by relaxing the smooth muscles. These medications should not be used in patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, glaucoma, hyperthyroidism, or seizure disorders and their side effects usually don’t last long. Their short-term effects include, increased heart
3 ASTHMA rate, cardiac contractility and conductivity making the person feel dizzy, tremulous, and tachycardic (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Anticholinergics usually are not taken alone because they are more for COPD but together with Beta2-adrenergics they will be effective. Atrovent is an inhalant that is used as a bronchodilator, the side effects are headache, mucus producing cough, and cloudy urine (Drugs.com, 2018). Corticosteroids can be used in both long-term and short- term care for asthma. They reduce airway inflammation and early interventions can help control lung function and prevent irreversible airway injury. Side effects for short-term use are dry mouth, throat irritation, headache, water retention and coughing. The long-term effects cause the skin to thin, adrenal suppression, peptic ulcers, muscle wasting (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Long Term Control These medications are taken daily, they keep asthma under control and make it so it’s less likely to have an attack. These include inhaled corticosteroids which are anti-inflammatory drugs. They can be used for several days even weeks before they reach their maximum benefit.
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- Fall '13
- Assignments, asthma control, Asthma & Stepwise