this principle, humanity is able to do with the world everything that they see fit. 3.A person stands on the highest rung of the social ladder. Below are the things thathe created, followed by natural objects that are of high value. 4. Communicationwith people is that they can dispose of its benefits. 5. Natural development mustobey the development of mankind.66. Аrt, culture and religion in Renaissance.The ideas of the Renaissance were embodied in the art of that period. But before we talk about art itself, I would like to highlight its main stages. Thus, the Proto-Renaissance or the introductory period (approximately 1260-1320), Ducento (XIII century), Trecento (XIV century), and Quattrocento (XV century) and Cinquecento (XVI century) are celebrated. Naturally, the sequence of the borders of centuries does not quite coincide with the specific stages of cultural development. Proto-Renaissance is marked by the end of the 13th century, the Early Renaissance ends in 1490, and the High Renaissance dries out before the beginning of 1530. Only in Venice, it continues to exist until the end of the XVI century. Two trends in the culture of the Renaissance determined its inconsistency - it is: - rethinking of antiquity; - combination with the cultural values of the Christian (Catholic) tradition. On the one hand, the Renaissance can be boldly described as the eraof joyful self-assertion of a person, and on the other, as an era of man’s comprehension of the whole tragedy of his existence .. Russian philosopher N. Berdyaev considered this era to be a time of collision between ancient and Christian principles, which caused a deep division. person The most prominent features of the Renaissance appeared in Italy. Describing the culture of the Italian Renaissance, we must not forget that humanistic education was accessible to a small layer belonging to a higher society, has become aristocratic. The Italian Renaissance had an impact on the broad strata of the people, which affected much later.67. Main target of philosophy.
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Philosophy is the science of the universal, it is a free and universal field of human knowledge, a constant search for the new. Philosophy can be defined as the doctrine of the general principles of knowledge, being and relations of man and theworld. The main efforts of self-realized philosophical thought are directed towards finding the highest principle and meaning of being. The goal of philosophy is to entice a person with higher ideals, to take him out of the ordinary, to give his life a true meaning, to open the way to the most perfect values. The understanding of the subject of philosophical knowledge historically changed. There is no single definition of philosophy today. At the same time, in our opinion, the interpretation of its subject as universal in the system “world-person” most accurately expresses the specificity of philosophy. This system includes various types of human relations to the world: cognitive, practical, value-oriented. It seems that these typesof relationships are very accurately identified by the German philosopher Immanul Kant (1724-1804) in the three questions he formulated, which accumulate the problematic core of philosophy. What can i know - Or what are the cognitive abilities of the human race (cognitive type of human relationship to the world).
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