Evolutionary psychology primarily focuses on

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Evolutionary psychology primarily focuses on psychological adaptations o Psychological adaptations – mechanisms of mind evolved to solve problems of survival or reproduction Development or change of a mechanism in the mind o Both psychological and physiological adaptations include (1) input (2) procedure (3) output
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Evolutionary psychology is an interactionist framework – theory that takes into account multiple factors o Often an “interaction” btwn environmental trigger & initial response produces an outcome Sexual strategies theory – theory based on sexual selection theory, humans have evolved list of different mating strategies that vary depending on culture, social context, parental influences, and personal mate value o Originally focused on differences btwn men & women in mating preferences and strategies o Woman – risks associated w/ making poor mate choice is high, stakes are much higher, pregnancy o Man – just sex, don’t have child growing inside of them & don’t have high cultural expectations to raise child o Men are more likely to lower mating standard for short-term mating situations and short-term sex Both sexes are extremely choosy when pursuing long-term mating strategy o Women desire mates w/ resources, qualities linked w/ acquiring resources, and willing to share resources o Men desire mates that are young and healthy which are cues to fertility Sexual strategies theory predicts specific similarities & differences in men & women’s mating preferences Error management theory (EMT) – evolution of how we think, make decisions, and evaluate uncertain situations o Predicts that when presented w/ uncertain situations, we adapt to prefer choices that minimize errors o Cost asymmetries – 1 option is low cost and high reward, 1 option is low reward but high cost Visual descent illusion – people overestimate distance when looking down from a high, more wary of falling Auditory looming bias – people overestimate how close objects are when sound is moving toward them EMT predicts men have sexual overperception bias – often misread sexual interest from a women, over-infer Nature-Nurture Question
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