Sociability assertiveness activity positive emotion

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Sociability, assertiveness, activity, positive emotion High – extrovert, engage w/ people, positive and happy, assertive Low – introvert, withdrawn, keep to themselves, like being alone o (4) Agreeableness – trust, trusting, kindness, cooperation, warmhearted, High – get along w/ other, cooperative, friendly, hospitable, trusted by others Low – direct, don’t worry about others’ feelings, unlikely to back down, critical o (5) Neuroticism – sensitivity to dangers and to what can go wrong in the world Anxiety, depression, moodiness, vulnerability, stressed High – easily stressed, sensitive to stress, negative, easily frazzled Low – easy going, don’t dwell on negative thoughts, cool, calm, collected Different dimensions are broad and independent from one another – dimensions are NOT correlated What is important is whether you can flexible adapt behavior to meet demands of a situation Animal Personalities
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You can research animal personalities by putting them in them same situations and observe any differences o Research study poked squid and dropped food in tank to see how the squid reacted o Squid has 2 major dimensions – similar to human dimensions of extraversion & neuroticism Squid had sensitivity toward opportunities & good things and threats & dangers Lecture 19 – Snooping Around Psychology in the News Psychological weather of US – difference of psychological traits distributed differently across the country o Stereotype – east coasters are neurotic & uptight, west coasters are laid back & not bothered by anything Neuroticism – higher in upper east coast, lower in west coast and south like Florida & central Texas Openness to experience – both west and east coast are high in openness, Midwest & middle are low in openness There are many causes for the differences in personality traits across the country o (1) Founder effect – results of selective migration, some people move to certain parts of the country People came from Europe to East Coast – seeking adventure, open to experiences Several waves of people were trying to escape persecution and moved to Midwest People high in religiosity tend to be lower in openness to experience Migration in US – people seeking fortune from gold rush & homesteading moved to West Coast Other people started migrating to both East Coast & West Coasts o (2) Environmental effect – environmental effects occur when you live in a state w/ a certain trait You would be high on range of openness in a state that is open w/ many opportunities & diversity Places high in openness – more patents & more museums, Places high in neuroticism – bigger health risks What is Personality & Identity Dan McAdams – researched different levels we go through when we come to know somebody o (1) Dispositional traits – Big 5 traits, psychology of person or first read of a person o (2) Personal concerns – things that are more contextual like roles o (3) Values – things that are most important to you
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