Cognition-and-Learning.doc

# Universal support for children with mathematics

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Universal support for children with mathematics difficulties: Revise basic concepts frequently. Start lessons using an activity with concrete resources before writing down calculations. Let the children touch, feel and manipulate the concrete resources. Provide lots of counting activities beginning at different starting points. Use objects for counting forwards and backwards. Break topics down into small steps 14
Minimize the number of strategies that a child has to consider Have children make up their own number problems Use IT to reinforce learning - Numbershark, , Make deliberate mistakes and allow the children to correct you. Be explicit in teaching topics- don’t presume that children have understood prior learning objectives Maths symbols can look alike so :Position symbols around the room to distinguish between them, play snap games to help pupils recognise differences in signs and make sure that maths sheets and text books are not too busy. Vocabulary- Pre-teach specific mathematic vocabulary, use vocabulary mats and have displays of maths focus vocabulary available, accompany vocabulary with pictures to reinforce understanding and vary the vocabulary that you use frequently e.g. use add, more than, increase, plus. Retaining Mathematic knowledge can be difficult for some children and they may have weak visual and auditory memories. Spread out ‘memory’ work- little and often, use flow charts to outline processes, use memory cues like gestures and movement to help. Use short, simple instructions and ask the pupil to repeat them back. Verbally reinforce the steps involved: songs, games, rhymes e.g. I ate and ate ‘til I was sick on the floor 8 x 8= 64. Sequencing difficulties may arise with patterns and sequencing numbers. Play games that emphasise the sequential nature of numbers, use base ten blocks or coins to support the transfer of a learnt sequence 90, 80, 70… to a modified sequence 92, 82, 72…., Specifically teach the children to look for patterns within numbers and encourage them to use their prior knowledge to work out answers i.e. using derived facts. Make all maths teaching Multi-sensory learning experiences - Visual, kinaesthetic and auditory strategies, use 3d props to help reinforce concepts, let the pupil use concrete apparatus for as long as they need it and encourage children to talk through problems. Make Maths meaningful and fun! There is a wealth of games and activities to promote maths enjoyment. Try to relate mathematics as practically as possible to real life contexts and provide opportunities for them to use their skills – real life shopping experiences, measuring areas with tape measures, rulers, trundle wheels. Play games that teach the concept you would like them to learn.

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• Spring '17
• william james
• Educational Psychology, Teaching assistant, Motor control, Dyslexia, difficulties, sen support plan

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