Ultimately sought absolute power and a communist revolution Mao Zedong however

Ultimately sought absolute power and a communist

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Ultimately sought absolute power, and a communist revolution - Mao Zedong - however, diverged from traditional Marxism - “Mao Zedong Thought” - Marx predicted that class revolution would only be successful in a highly industrialized society, however, China was rural with only a tiny proletariat - Similarities - Revolution achieved through class struggle against properties classes - Communist party would guide people through the stages of communist revolution - Anti imperialistic, empires were seen as exploitative - Differences from marxism - Agents of the revolution would be the peasantry (not proletariat) - Communist revolution could succeed in rural society vs proletariat in industrialized society - Redistributed land could be owned by the peasantry vs no private
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ownership of land - Encouraged nationalism vs internationalist - Wanted Mao as the single leader of CCP vs collective rule of communist party Early Clashes between the Nationalists and CCP 1927-34 - Tensions increased during the Northern Expedition - CCP used NE to spread its message to the peasantry, growing their strength White Terror in Shanghai, April 1927 - Green Gang, criminal organization, launched a series of attacks on CCP headquarters, known Communists, and workers protesting in Shanghai - Attacks were sanctioned by Chiang Kaishek, leader of the Nationalists since 1926 - Nationalist forces were under the command of anti Communist General Ba Chongxi, did nothing to stop the violence - At least 5000 were killed, devastated CCP organization in Shanghai Communist counterattacks, August-December 1927 - CCP launched 2 attacks on Nationalists - Autumn Harvest Uprising- took place in Hunan Province between Aug and Sep - Mao was involved in the campaign, CCP forces were peasants in small guerrilla forces, who were ill disciplined and ill equipped to face the Nationalists - In Canton in December 1927, they also failed due to this reason Communists in Jiangxi in 1928-34 - Many communists who survived the nationalist attacks moved to the countryside, where they regrouped, gaining support of peasants through their land-reform policies. - Jiangxi became their base, (Jiangxi Soviet) and home of memebers of the CCP after the White Terror Nationalist campaigns against CCP 1930-4 - 1928, Nationalists were the ruling party under Chiang KaiShek, Chairman of the National Government - Assaulted CCP through military encirclement campaigns, circling them and surrounding them to cut off supplies and artillery and infantry led assaults - Nov 1930- CCP countered N with guerrilla tactics, in Nov 1930 and March 1933, were defensive victories, however, their supplies were diminishing - N finally succeeded in taking Jiangxi Soviet in 1933-34, where Chiang KS deployed half a million troops, denying CCP guerrillas the opportunity to break the lines - CCP leadership launched a counterattack, however in April 1934 they were outnumbered and outgunned, and they prepared to evacuate The Long March 1934-35 - In Oct 1934, 90,000 C were encircled by N, with N in pursuit, the retreat would take the C’s over 9000 km, through 11 provinces, 18 mountain ranges, and across 24 rivers, before they reached Yanan Province in Northern China.
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