also dealt with issues related to property such as what to do about who owns

Also dealt with issues related to property such as

This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 14 pages.

also dealt with issues related to property, such as what to do about who owns tidelands in the Puget Sound Region that was dealt with in the Washington Constitution. Also in Idaho they
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11 dealt with water rights, which are a particularly important issue in a dry desert region. Livestock grazing on the public lands, and most of Idaho was public land. And whether or not to extend the franchise to Mormons in Idaho that was quite controversial. There was a large Mormon population in Idaho, but they were still a minority in that state, or in the territory. They also, the constitutional conventions dealt with questions of civil rights and education under the civil rights issue. Washington guaranteed educational access to all people in the state, and that was progressive for the time. But, at the same time, they denied Chinese the right to own property, to hold real estate, or to own mining claims in the state of Washington. This is in their Constitution. Idaho denied the vote to Mormons, Chinese, and non-taxed Indians. Actually they denied the vote to bigamists, and that included many Mormons at the time who were engaged in plural marriage. For farmers, both states wrote into their Constitutions strict controls over the railroads. People were very grateful that the railroads had arrived, but also felt a little dependent on the railroads, and there was a fair amount of regulatory regulation of the railroads written into the Idaho Constitution because of people’s feeling of perhaps dependenceand vulnerability. Private armies were dealt with in the Washington Constitutional Convention. The right to bear arms was affirmed in the Washington Constitution, taken basically from the U.S. Bill of Rights. But the right to organize armed persons was prohibited in the Washington Constitution, and this was a slap at corporations who hired private armies to protect their property and intimidate unions and break up strikes; private armies like the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Labor safety - the Washington Constitution writers rejected a clause that would have provided for mine safety inspections and an eight hour day. So many people were concerned about this, but not a majority enough to get this into the Constitution. Female suffrage was considered in both Washington and Idaho Constitutions, and denied by the delegates in both. And there was a fear among many of the delegates that if they put women’s suffrage into their State Constitution, it was a controversial issue at the time, and it might hold up their ability to achieve statehood. Washington in particular decided not to put it in the Constitution, but to have a separate referendum on it; to have the people vote on whether or not they wanted women to be extended the right to vote in the state of Washington, which they did at the same time that they held the vote on the constitutional convention and the suffrage referendum that they had actually failed by a large margin. Remember, the only people voting at that time were men. So, speaking of
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