President McKinley sent this ship to Havana, Cuba, to protect the American citizens and property (eventually blew up and the U.S. blamed Spain) 10. Boxer Rebellion: 1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops. 11. Emilio Aquinaldo: Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901. 12. Foraker Act: officially the Organic Act of 1900, is a United States federal law that established civilian (limited popular) government on the island of Puerto Rico, which had been newly acquired by the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War 13. “Open Door” Policy: A policy that asked powerful and influential countries to respect Chinese rights and promote fair trade with low tariffs. This policy was accepted by other countries and prevented any country from creating a monopoly on Chinese trade. 14. Rough Riders: The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixture of Ivy League athletes and western frontiersmen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish- American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba. 15. Platt Amendment: Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble 16. Yellow Journalism : Term for the sensationalistic and jingoistic pro-war journalism practiced by W. R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer 17. Teller Amendment: Amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the United States would grant Cubans their independence after the war 18. De Lome Letter: The Spanish ambassador insults President McKinley in this document; accused America of being weak 19. Hearst & Pulitzer: writers and creators of the Yellow Press. Led people to believe that the situations occurring in Cuba were worse, that they were in reality. 20. Progressivism: The movement beginning in the late 1800s to increase democracy in America by curbing the power of the corporation. It fought to end corruption in government and business, and worked to bring equal rights of women and other groups that had been left behind during the industrial revolution. 21. Alice Paul: Broke from NAWSA in 1916 to form the National Women's Party and from the beginning lobbied Congress and the president for an amendment to the Constitution.
22. “Bull Moose” Party: This political party was formed by T. Roosevelt in an attempt to advance progressive ideas and unseat President W.H. Taft in the election of 1912. After Taft won the Republican Party’s nomination, Roosevelt ran on the Progressive party ticket.
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- Spring '12
- World War I, American World War , Speech Outline Booker T Washington Univ of Wisconsin