1985 actual earthquake o 1988 political earthquake o

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1985: ACTUAL earthquake o1988: Political earthquake o2000: Electoral earthquake 1968: Global Context oMay: Massive protests and strikes in Paris (students lead protests) oAug 21: Soviets invade Czech, ending Prague Spring oAug 26-29: Democratic National Convention in Chicago 1968: Mexico (Moral Earthquake) oJuly 22: Fight among high-school students escalates oOct 2: Tlatelolco Massacre §Between 300-345 died oOct 12-27: Mexico City Olympics 1970’s oMexican govt invests heavily in oil; corruption increases 1982 oMexican govt is unable to pay its debts (Mexican Debt Crisis) oTriggers a lost decade (slow growth, high corruption) 1985 oEarthquake 8.0 oUncovered corruption
§with the international community paying close attention – they appeared excessively corrupt (due to their lack of response to the urban poor affected by the earthquake – failed to provide emergency services) 1988—Political Earthquake oCuauhtemoc Cardenas decided to run for President (against Salinas); runs incredible campaign however ‘loses’ in the end oVery likely, Cuauhtemoc Cardenas won however the ballots were burned to eliminate proof (tampering of elections by opposition) oPAP represented the center-left (Cardenas party) oPresident Carlos Salinas §Wins election by a narrow margin displaying the lack of power now held by the PRI, shows cracks in their structure §Salinas embraces neoliberalism economic markets §Proposes a Free Trade Agreement with US (George W Bush) §Passed and signed NAFTA (Jan 1, 1994 implemented) §Embracing change Soviet Union o1999 Berlin Wall falls; Soviet Union begins getting shaky oGorbachev pursues perestroika and glasnost 1994 oClinton signs into effect NAFTA 2000 -- Electoral Earthquake oVicente Fox's unexpected victory in Mexico's July 2, 2000 presidential elections puts a definitive end to Mexico's one-party regime §Defeats PRI (longest regime in power) – cause of excitement for the Mexican people §The win means that Mexico has accomplished the rare feat of ending an authoritarian regime by voting it out of office §Fox soon discovered he had little to no allies within the Mexican gov’t (unable to get local bills passed); turned to international affairs (along withJorge Castañeda Gutman) Immigration Reform in US (Fox & GW Bush hold joint session) oFar reaching reform for migrants – best interest for both countries (encourages job creation in both America & Mexico {creation of a middle class was the hope}) oPress coverage was relatively favorable Bush, Fox & Castaneda take a trip to Toledo, OH to convince that migration reform was in ALL America’s best interest (Bush arguing that Mexicans are no different from Americans, humanity does not stop at the Rio Grande) oSeptember 11, 2001 §Everything changes… United Nations
oPush to attack Iraq (weapons of mass destruction) §Adolfo Aguilar Zinser: No weapons of mass destruction confirmed, prevented the UN from endorsing the war §US was furious “Mexicans are in our backyard” -Adolfo Aguilar Zinser oSec. of State Powell disagrees

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