They specifically lack empathy however these people

Info icon This preview shows pages 23–25. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
they specifically lack empathy, however, these people often display behavior that goes against societal norms (cheating, lying), is maladaptive (prohibits appropriate emotional responding), and is discomforting to others (people are manipulated and taken advantage of, which likely makes them upset). DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.1b MSC: Analyzing NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 4, Communication 3. Mona has been diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. a. What is etiology and why is it important when dealing with psychopathology? b. What is the diathesis-stress model? Provide one possible explanation for Mona’s diagnosis using this model. c. Explain the biopsychosocial approach and how it differs from the diathesis- stress model in explaining Mona’s diagnosis. ANS: Answers may include: a. Etiology—factors that contribute to the development of a disorder; it is important in helping to understand why someone may be experiencing disordered thoughts, emotions, or behavior. Getting to the root of the problem will help inform treatment options and the prognosis.
Image of page 23

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
b. The diathesis-stress model of etiology suggests that disorders develop when an underlying vulnerability (diathesis) is combined with a precipitating event (stress); examples for answers may vary for Mona’s diagnosis. Some examples: (1) She has an excessive amount of a certain neurotransmitter that causes her to be highly fearful and then she divorces her husband; (2) Mona spent her teenage years in a relationship with an emotionally abusive partner and then she is in a serious car accident. c. The biopsychosocial approach to psychopathology suggests that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors influence the development of a disorder. It is different from the diathesis-stress model in that it does not discuss underlying predispositions and precipitating events (specific trigger/exact mechanism for the onset of a disorder). A diathesis or stress may be biological, psychological, or sociocultural in nature, although the biopsychosocial approach may be a more comprehensive approach to disease etiology. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.1c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 4, Communication 4. The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) came out in 2013. a. Describe the DSM and how is it used to diagnose mental disorders. b. Explain the dimensional approach and discuss at least one benefit of using this method. c. Discuss one limitation/criticism of the DSM. ANS: Answers may include: a. The DSM is used to categorize mental disorders systematically, with groups of similar mental disorders located near one another. The manual describes observable symptoms with guidelines about the number of symptoms needed for a specific diagnosis.
Image of page 24
Image of page 25
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern