The difference between terminal and instrumental values is as follows. Terminal values are desirable end-states of existence, the goals that a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime. Instrumental values are preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one's terminal values. 7. Do values differ across generation? How so? Answer:
Values do change over generations, and we can gain some useful insights from analyzing values this way. Different generations hold different work values. Boomers (Baby Boomers)—entered the workforce during the 1960s through the mid-1980s. Xers— entered the workforce beginning in the mid-1980s. The most recent entrants to the workforce are the Millennials. Though it is fascinating to think about generational values, remember these classifications lack solid research support. Generational classifications may help us understand our own and other generations better, but we must also appreciate their limits. 8. Do values differ across cultures? How so? Answer: Yes. According to Hofstede and the GLOBE Project, there are a number of values that differ across cultures: Hofstede's framework for assessing culture includes five value dimensions: Power Distance; Individualism vs. Collectivism; Masculinity vs. Femininity; Uncertainty Avoidance; and Long-term vs. Short-term Orientation.
- Fall '12
- Michael R. Carrell, Christina Heavrin, J.D.
- Personality Psychology, Big Five personality traits