However in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by the highly controversial

However in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by

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issues. However, in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by the highly controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act . Kansas-Nebraska Act/Free Soil- created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska , opened new lands that would help settlement in them, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries and to settle there. The initial purpose of the Kansas–Nebraska Act was to create opportunities for a Mideastern Transcontinental Railroad . It became problematic when popular sovereignty was written into the proposal. The act was designed by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois . The act established that settlers could vote to decide whether to allow slavery, in the name of popular sovereignty or rule of the people. Douglas hoped that would ease relations between the North and the South, because the South could expand slavery to new territories but the North still had the right to abolish slavery in its states. Instead, opponents denounced the law as a concession to the slave power of the South . The new Republican Party , which was created in opposition to the act, aimed to stop the expansion of slavery and soon emerged as the dominant force throughout the North. The Free Soil leadership consisted of former anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Democratic Party . Its main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery. Lecompton/Lawrence- Know-Nothings- U.S. political party that flourished in the 1850s. The Know-Nothing party was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant and especially anti-Roman Catholic sentiment that started to manifest itself during the 1840s. Republican Party - Founded in Northern States in 1855 by anti-slavery activists, modernizers, ex- Whigs and ex- Free Soilers , the Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party . Charles Sumner/Preston Brooks- Brooks was a Democratic Congressman from South Carolina . Brooks is primarily remembered for his severe beating of Senator Charles Sumner on the floor of the United States Senate with a gutta-percha cane, delivered in response to an anti-slavery speech in which Sumner compared Brook's relative, South Carolina Senator Andrew Butler , to Don Quixote , which Brooks interpreted as a humiliation laden with sexual innuendo. [1] Brooks was cheered across the South, but the episode was used by Northerners to depict the Southerners as violent fanatics, thus pushing the nation a step closer to Civil War Dred Scott case- The Court had ruled that African Americans had no claim to freedom or citizenship.

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