The Discovery of Diamonds and Gold In 1867, diamonds were discovered in an area of Southern Africa just inside the Orange Free State and in 1886 gold was discovered in the Transvaal. Thesediamonds and gold were located in the Boer lands. The discovery of these valuable natural resources caused two wars between the Boers and the British knownas the Boer Wars (1880-1881; 1899-1902) In 1902, the Boers were defeated and the British took control of the former Boer lands as well as the diamonds andgold in these areas. The Formation of the Union of South Africa In 1910, the Boers and British created the independent Union of South Africa which included the Cape Colony and the Boer republics. The Union of South Africa,though a part of the British Empire, was run independently and democratically. Black South Africans retained their right to vote in some of the states in theunion, but could not in the former Boer states. Though the British won the Boer Wars, after the Union of South Africa was created, the Boers took control of thenewly established parliament by winning elections and pushed forward their ideals which separated the races and restricted the rights of “natives.” 6. Who were the two European powers fighting over control of Southern Africa? 7. What caused the Boer War? 8. What was the outcome of the Boer war for the British? What was the outcome of the Boer War for the Boers? What was the outcome of the Boer War for indigenous Africans and the slaves imported from Dutch colonies? UNIT 12.2| Imperialism | SQ 10. How did Europeans and people of European descent gain, consolidate, and maintain power in South Africa?