Walesa got rid of the secret police made changes and got rid of Jaruzelski o

Walesa got rid of the secret police made changes and

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Walesa got rid of the secret police, made changes, and got rid of Jaruzelski o All this was done slowly and carefully so the Soviets wouldn’t attack Economically, though, Walesa’s government was completely radical o Shock therapy was the quick change from communism to capitalism o Government restrictions on business and the money system was reformed all at once, in what they called the big bang Hungary and East Germany 1956 radical revolutions were crushed brutally, but the communist leader of the time János Kádár did make Hungary a bit more liberal to calm the people down In 1988, the communist party thought Kadar was too liberal, and replaced him o This was immediately opposed to by the Hungarian people The radically communist government had no choice but to hold elections in 1990 To try to gain support, they opened the border to East Germany, but it didn’t work o Instead, Germans ran away to Austria and escaped into West Germany People in East Germany started to band together to protest communist Germany’s government responded by destroying the Berlin Wall in Nov 1989 Czechoslovakia and Romania Czechs overthrew the communist government in the 10-day Velvet Revolution Revolutionaries were led by the playwright Havel, who was later elected president Romania, though, had a much more violent and bloody revolution Ceauşescu led the communist Romanian party and murdered any anti-communists His radically communist ideas and mass murders sparked an armed rebellion After some fighting, the people beat Ceauşescu’s armies and executed him Instead of stability, though, Romania was faced with no leadership after this The fall of the Soviet Union
By 1990, communism fell except in the isolated Albania and the Soviet Union Russian politicians were starting to demand independences from Gorbachev o For example, Lithuania declared itself independent, but Gorbachev refused to use his army to attack them Yeltsin rose up as the new democratic leader when Gorbachev lost popularity o He led the Russian Federation parliament and declared Russia as an independent country from the Soviet Union Not only did democrats oppose Gorbachev, but communists hated his as well In August 1991, the communist party kidnapped Gorbachev and tried to take over o Instead, most people gathered with Yeltsin to and opposed communism A universal suffrage election made Yeltsin leader of the Russian Federation o He declared the Russian Federation the true body of government then Communists didn’t just fail in controlling the Soviet government, it just dissolved Russia declared communism illegal and party leaders lost all of their property On December 25, 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist German Unification Once the Berlin wall came down, conflicts started over the German question o The first week after it was opened, about half of the entire East German population crossed through to West Germany East Germany’s leaders wanted a non-Stalinist government but not capitalism

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