2 all importers carriers air rail and sea customs

Info icon This preview shows pages 6–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. All importers, carriers (air, rail, and sea), customs brokers, and forwarders are encouraged to become participants. Under the C-TPAT validation process, the CBP meets with company representatives and may visit selected domestic and foreign sites to verify that the supply chain security measures contained in the C-TPAT participant's security profile are accurate and are being followed. 3. As part of the Shared Border Accord, the U.S. and Canadian governments agreed to align, to the maximum extent possible, their customs commercial programmes along their shared border. This agreement marked the creation of the Free and Secure Trade (FAST) programme, which became operational for selected U.S.-bound shipments in December 2002. FAST seeks to harmonize clearance procedures at the border for drivers, carriers, and importers, and offers expedited clearance. To qualify for FAST expedited clearance the commercial shipment must be entered by a C-TPAT approved importer using C-TPAT approved highway carriers. The Department of Homeland Security has also entered into a partnership with Mexico called the U.S./Mexico Border Partnership Plan (BPP). This plan consists of a 22-point action plan for which the CBP serves as the lead agency for 11 items: these include a programme similar to the FAST programme.
Image of page 6

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
United States WT/TPR/S/126 Page 38 (ii) Rules of origin 1. Rules of origin are applied by the CBP to determine the origin of products. On the basis of this determination, products may qualify for country-specific tariff preferences, or be considered eligible for government procurement contracts. In addition, the Department of Commerce may determine whether a particular product is produced in the country covered by a specific anti-dumping or countervailing duty order; its determinations may include different criteria than those used by the CBP. Country of origin marking and labelling regulations are also used to provide consumers with information regarding the origin of the product, and are mandatory for most imported manufactured products, and for many agricultural products (e.g. eggs, meat, and poultry, section (vii) below). The determination of origin relies on self-certification, whereby the onus is on the importer to declare origin. 2. The United States applies preferential and non-preferential rules of origin. 13 While the substantial transformation criterion is central to all U.S. rules of origin, its definition varies according to the product and the preferential arrangement. The basic non-preferential U.S. rule of origin is that the product is considered to have been produced in a country when (1) the goods are wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of that country, or (2) the goods have been, in that country, "substantially transformed into a new or different article of commerce" with a name, character, or use distinct from that of the article or articles from which it was so transformed. Special rules apply to textiles and clothing products.
Image of page 7
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern