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benefits, protection and security of its people.A.economic hardships such as the revolutionary war enabled citizens to create localized industry. This lessened the dependency on foreign countries while creating jobs locally. The Revolutionary war also gave the chance for women to enhance their role in the new
republic. They were responsible for teaching their kids and nurturing them into good citizens (republican motherhood).B.Celebrated political equality and the chance to raise one’s social status as well as allowing common man to become a part of the democracy. Voting rights for all white men were also granted.C.Sentimentalism let new young republicans to choose their spouses which led to an understood equality between man and women in the household.D.Eventually saw a shift from republicanism which ruled by property to democracy which was to rule by popular elected party politics.Civil War era#1 Who freed the slaves, and how important was emancipation in determining the war’s conclusion?Abe Lincoln and his emancipation proc led to the freedom for all slaves. It was put in place to fight slavery in the confederate states and eventually led to the emancipation of all slaves in the country by 1864. The emancipation proc was presented by Lincoln during his famous Gettysburg Address which happened in Gettysburg, PA. It committed the union to abolishing slavery. As the union army advanced, slaves were being freed by the thousands. Eventually the 13thamendment led to a complete absolution of slavery. The support for such an amendment wouldn’t have been possibly without the emancipation and Lincoln’s unwillingness to lay down to the evils of slavery and the confederacy.#2 Explain the shift among Southerners from characterizing slavery as a “necessary evil” to defending it as a “positive good.”The slave owners justified slavery in moral terms by focusing on the benefits of slavery while disregarding the rights of African Americans. Southern religion at the time was also justifying the use of slavery by referring to how Hebrews had owned slaves and jesus never condemned it. Also felt they were providing care for Blacks by giving them a place to live and food to eat. The force of slavery eventually effected politics and tariffs on slave property in the south were abolished, while there was heavy taxes on the yeomen farmers who only bought land for cattle. It was such a profitable business that the personal accumulation of wealth and social standing became more important than human rights.Slavery evolved but managed to remain central to southern society. The politicians of the south fought to spread the positive good of slavery to new territories.#3 How and why did divisions in American society bring an end to the Second Party System? Why is that important?Thesis- resistance and dispute of the compromise of 1850 brought and end to the 2ndparty system and brought the union to the verge of collapse.A.Resistance to the Fugitive Slave Acta.the north hated the FSA. Violence against slave catchers and popular opinion led to the release of those slaves caught. Uncle Tom’s cabin showed the north the cruelty and reality of slavery.B.Political System in declinea.North and south become 2 different partiesb.Whigs and Democrats. Democrats get Pierce elected as president, who was a
southern sympathizer. He looked to continue expansionism and envisioned a transcontinental railroad like polk.c.Dispute over slavery in those new territories.d.Defeat of 1852 election led to the dismantle of whig partyC.Kansas-Nebraska Acta.Revoked the Missouri compromiseb.Formed 2 new territories (Kansas and Nebraska)c.Popular sovereignty- more people saw the benefit of allowing states to adopt their own stance on slavery.Formation of republican party from northern whigs and anti-nebraska democrats. They vowed to abolish slavery.