Psychobiological disorder schizophrenia bipolar disorder major depression OCD

Psychobiological disorder schizophrenia bipolar

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 15 pages.

-Psychobiological disorder: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, OCD and panic disorders, PTSD, autism, anorexia nervosa and ADD/ADHD>DSM-5: current official guidebook for categorizing and diagnosing psychiatric mental health disorders in the US; looks at grouping of systems rather than symptoms alone-Discusses cultural variations for each clinical disorder, describes culture-bond systems syndromes and the outline assists clinicians in evaluating and reporting the impact of an individual’s cultural context-Our beliefs about mental illness are culturally based; psychotherapy would be considered last resort treatment in many cultures due to unavailability, stigmas attached or more effective/preferred treatments in their own culture-Running amok: someone runs around engaging in furious, almost indiscriminate violent behavior; Southeast Asia-Pibloktoq: uncontrollable desire to tear off one’s clothing and expose oneself to severe winter weather; Greenland, Alaska and Artic Regions of Canada-Anorexia nervosa: voluntary starvation; Europe, North America and Australia -Epidemiology can help identify high risk groups and behaviors; prevalence rates help determine how much of the population has a certain illness -Five Axes: -Axis I: referred to collection of signs and symptoms that together constitute a particular disorder-Axis II: personality disorders and mental retardation-Axis III: clician indicated any general medical conditions believed to be relevant to mental disorder in question-Axis IV: reporting psychosocial and environment problems that may affect diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of mental disorder-Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning; indication of person’s best level of psychological, social and occupational functioning during preceding year >NANDA-I: describes nursing diagnosis as clinical judgment about responses to health problems; psychiatric mental health nursing includes the diagnosis and treatment responses to mental health problems>Critical Thinking/Clinical Reasoning: serve as a “map” for specified treatments and interventions to occur within a specific time frame, often days; offer a great opportunity for integration of research into clinical practice when interventions are evidence based>Patient advocacy: not a legal role but and ETHICAL one; includes commitment to patients’ health, well being and safety across the life span, and the alleviation of suffering and promoting a peaceful, comfortable, and dignified death; advise patients of their rights, provide accurate and current info so they can make informeddecisions, and support those decisions
Background image
>Advance Practice Psych Nurses vs generalist nurse:APPN have post-bacc degrees and work as either CNSs or NPs and are state certified, they assess health and psych disorders, provide psychotherapy and PRESCRIBE MEDICATIONS; generalist nurse are licensed RNs whose focus is on mental health, they may or may not be certifiedCHAPTER 5: SETTINGS FOR PSYCHIATRIC CARE >Psychiatric Care: entry into health care system for treatment of psych problems
Background image
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 15 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture