. . .. Life ? ~ s k those who have tested of it in pieces rationed out by d e s . Love ? Ah. ask the tmubodors who come h m tho# who
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have loved when all reason pointed to the useltssaess and fbol hardiness of love. Perhaps we shall be the teachers when it is done. Out of the depths of pain we have thought to be our sole h&tage in this world - 0, we know about love! (To be Young. giflcd and Black 263) The critics praised the extraordinary timelines of the play. Fellow playwright and critic, Arniri Baraka who initially dismissed the play's significance, recanted years later and recognized its importance Baraka said in 1987. "The Younger family is part of the Black Majority. and the concerns I once dismissed as "middle class" - buying a house and moving into" white folks neighbourhoods" are actually reflective of the essence of Black people's striving to defeat segregation. discrimination and national oppression" (Baraka. 20) Ironically, the words of this former critic best captures the younger's contribution to American theatre. The long standing appeal of A Raisin in the Sun reflects the following themes are e x p l o d . The American Dream The play portrays a struggling Black family for a better life. But the fact is the black family's drcams and aspirations for a better life are not confined to their race, but can be identified with people of all backgrounds. Even though what that "Better life" may look like is different for each character, the underlying motive is universal. The main conflict of the play lies in Walter's notion of this American dream. Walter is a victim of the middle class ideology of materialism which is highly seductive. The notion of the self - made man who start5 with nothing and achieves great wealth through hard work seems, not intended to offend or upset anyone, but the idea can become harmful if it evolves into an idolization of wealth and power.
In the beginning, Hansberry shows how Walter envies Charlie Atkins dry - cleaning business because it grosses S 100,000 e year. He ignores Ruth's objection to his potential business partner's questionable character and dismisses his mothur's moral objection to achieving his goals by running a liquor store. Walter doesn't heed to the advice of his family members, he is desperate to make his dreams f i t f u l . He believes that the liquor store is a mmsto end his family's misery. That same Machiavellian ethic is demonstrated when Walter plans to accept Mr. Lindner's offer. Walter is not concerned with the degrading implications of the business deal. It is simply a way to recover some of the lost money. However, Hansbeny challenges Walter's crude interpretation of the American dream by forcing him to actually carry out the transaction in front of his son. Walter's inability to deal with Mr. Lindner marks a significant revision of his interpretation of the American dream, a dream that inherently prioritizes justice and equality over money.
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White people, Negro, Walter Lee, Czechoslovakian. Lorraine Hansberry
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