9 now check the glucose and protein content of your

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9. Now check the glucose and protein content of your urine. The dip the stick needs to be held in the urine for 10 seconds. 10.Now check the other solutes that your test strip allows for recording these in the data table as well. a. Urobilinogen b. Bilirubin c. Nitrite d. Leukocytes 11. 12.If your strip did not come with a comparison table, here is a sample one for you to use: 13. 14. (image of the color chart of the urine analysis showing concentrations of different chemical variables based on their color) 15.Data Table (11 points) 16.Your Urinalysis Results 17. 1. Turbidity –Clear Or Cloudy 18. 2. Glucose 19. 3. Bilirubin 20. 4. Ketone Bodies 21. 5. Specific Gravity 22. 6. Blood (Hemoglobin) 23. 7. Ph 24. 8. Protein (Albumin) 25. 9. Urobilinogen 26. 10.Nitrite 27.
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15.Data Table (11 points) 16.Your Urinalysis Results 17. 11.Leukocytes 28. 11.Post at least 3 pictures of your experiment and urinalysis strip results (3pts per picture) 29. 30. 31. 32.After you have finished the analysis of the test strip discard the strip and compose your data table and answer the conclusion questions for this activity. 33.Normal Values: Normal urine may vary in color from almost colorless to dark yellow. Some foods (like beets and blackberries) may color the urine red. The urine specific gravity ranges between 1.006 and 1.030 (higher numbers mean a higher concentration). The specific gravity varies depending on the time of day, amount of food and liquids consumed, and the amount of recent exercise. The urine pH is also influenced by a number of factors. Generally the normal pH range is from 4.6 to 8.0, with an average of 6.0.
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There is usually no detectable urine glucose, urine ketones, or urine protein. There are usually no red blood cells in urine. Hemoglobin is not normally found in the urine. Bilirubin is normally not detected in the urine. There may be a trace of urobilinogen in the urine. Nitrites and white blood cells (leukocytes) are not normally present in the urine. 34. 35.What abnormal results mean: Urine Appearance and Color : If the urine is of an unusual color that cannot be accounted for by food intake or medication (and the urinalysis is positive), consult the health care provider. Urine Specific Gravity : If the specific gravity is higher or lower than the normal range, or if it does not vary (the concentration of the urine depends on the time of day, the amount of food and fluids you have had, and the amount of exercise you have had recently), it may indicate a kidney problem, and you should consult the health care provider. Urine pH : In some situations, alkaline urine is good. Kidney stones are less likely to form and some antibiotics are more effective in the alkaline urine. There may be times when the acidic urine may help prevent some kinds of kidney stones and may prevent growth of certain types of bacteria. If the ph is very acidic or alkaline, you may want to discuss it with the health care provider.
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  • Fall '15
  • Dr. Valeria Rus
  • kidneys form urine

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