It was written in 3102 B.C. Gita is an excellent summary of the Upanishads. According to Gita, there are three basic paths to get liberation- bhakti yoga, karma yoga and jnana yoga . According to Gita, there are three specific Vices (gate) to hell- lust, anger and greed . Gita is meant to lift the aspirant from the lower levels of renunciation, where the objects are renounced, to the loftier height, where all desires are dead, and the person dwells in calm and ceaseless contemplation while his body and mind are engaged in discharging the duties. Five cardinal virtues emphasized in Gita are: Purity, Self- control, Detachment, Truth & Non-violence.
GANDHIAN ETHICS Gandhi is considered as one of the greatest moral philosopher of India. He is well know for "Practicing what he had preached". The major principle that he enunciated are 1.Ends and Means : Gandhi always emphasized on pure means and ends. Improper means cannot be adopted to achieve proper ends. As a wrong path cannot take you to right destination. 2.Satyagraha : It is the continuous realization for truth. It mainly includes self sacrifice, peace and non violence. Only a person with will and determination can follow satyagraha. 3.Trusteeship : Wealthy people should acts Trustees of trust that looked after the welfare of the people. 4.Concept of seven sins : Wealth without work, Pleasure without conscience, Knowledge without character, Commerce without morality, Science without Humanity, Religion without Sacrifice, Politics without Principle. 5.Sarvodaya : also called Gandhian Socialism which means Universal Upliftment of all. 6.Dignity of Labor : Gandhi tried to established equality among all by making bread labor compulsory to all.
The Gandhian concept of Justce 1. Pure justice 2. Satanic justice 3. Claims to natural rights 4. Social justice 5. Absence of duress 6. No harm to opponent party
Gandhian concept of Justice Pure justice Social justice Satanic justice Claims to natural rights No harm to the opponent party Absence of duress
Gandhi assigns a critical role to justice. He talked about six different types of justice. 1. Pure justice:- it is motivated by compassion, kindness and pity shown by the employer towards the subordinate or dependent employees. 2. Social justice:- to treat every one equally in the society. 3. Satanic justice:- it is wicked in nature and motivated by revenge and selfish personal gain. 4. Claims to natural rights 5. Absence of Duress i.e. threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement. 6. No harm to other party.
CONFLICT AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION According to Gandhian philosophy, there are following reasons for conflicts – egocentric, greed, materialistic, selfish and competitive nature. Gandhian ethics suggest resolution of conflicts through Non-violence .
- Fall '16
- Vedas, Mahatma Gandhi, Brahmacharya