Men diagnosed with IDA resulting from ulcers hemorrhoids cancer and esophageal

Men diagnosed with ida resulting from ulcers

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blood are the most common causes of IDA (Huether & McCance, 2012). Men diagnosed with IDA resulting from ulcers, hemorrhoids, cancer, and esophageal varices (Huether & McCance, 2012). Females have a greater prevalence of IDA during childbearing years and decreases during menopause and males have higher peaks during childhood and adolescence (Huether & McCance, 2012). Folate Deficiency Anemia Folate (folic acid) is a B vitamin necessary for RNA and DNA synthesis, absorbed in the small intestine, and is then stored in the liver (Huether & McCance, 2012). Folate deficiency is the lack of folic acid in the blood, and low levels can cause megaloblastic anemia; which is characterized by large red blood cells (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). The interior contents of each cell are not fully developed causing the bone marrow to make fewer red blood cells (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). Folate deficiency occurs mostly in alcoholics and individuals who are malnourished due to the lack of vegetables in their diet and dieting (Huether & McCance, 2012). Folate deficiency can also happen if you have certain diseases of the lower digestive tract, such as celiac disease, and also occurs in people with cancer (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). Gender as Factor Females have a higher incidence of IDA during childbearing years and decreases during menopause and males have higher peaks during childhood and adolescence (Huether & McCance, 2012). Folate deficiency is common in pregnancy because the fetus needs more folic acid and the mother absorbs it more slowly (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). Males and females alike are entirely dependent on their diet to meet the daily requirement of folic acid (Huether & McCance, 2012). References American Society of Hematology. (2016). Iron-deficiency anemia. Retrieved from
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Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012). Understanding pathophysiology (Laureate custom ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Johns Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.) Anemia of folate deficiency. Retrieved from mia_of_folate_deficiency_85,P00089/
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