4 the desire for independence was instilled within

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that this would hurt them more than help and wouldn’t ratify it until they added the Bill of Rights. 4. The desire for independence was instilled within the hearts of the people before the Revolution began. Taxes to pay off war debts affected the colonies economically, but political issues such as salutary neglect warned the people of the encroaching powers of the crown. With the occurrence of the French and Indian War ended the policy of salutary neglect (and Navigation Acts). Britain enforced various taxes and put in placed the Proclamation of 1763 , which banned Americans from settling passed the Appalachian Mountains. The Stamp Act also caused much stir within the colonies as the Sons of Liberties emerged as well as the Stamp Act Congress . The Congress was important as it was the first time the colonies had taken a step to repeal British policies. The Boston Tea Party also led to the Intolerable Acts. UNIT 4 (1800-1848) DEFINING THE NATION’S DEMOCRATIC IDEALS THE MARSHALL COURT Judiciary Act of 1801, 16 new judgeships were created > midnight judges to preserve Federalist ideas within the presidency. MARSHALL MAKES A DECISION Midnight judges > Jefferson didn’t want to appoint > William Marbury sues Writ of mandamus: order to force Madison to deliver commission Judge rule: commission exceeded authority and void Precedent of Judicial Review, helped Supreme Court gain power. AN ATTEMPT TO FLUSH FEDERALISTS Impeach radical Federal judges JEFFERSON’S CHALLENGES Georgia gives land to federal government but sells some illegally > Jefferson tries to resolve quickly > targeted for corruption
BATTLES WITH AARON BURR 12 Amendment : electors to Electoral College to specify which ballot was being cast for the office of president and which was being cast for the office of vice president. Essex Junto : radical Federalists > plans of secession Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel > Burr Conspiracy > plan to wrest Mexico from Spanish and join with Louisiana Territory THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS James Monroe NEW TARIFF AND ITS OPPOSITION Tariff of 1816 : impose 20% duty on all imported goods John C. Calhoun : tariff hurting South for the benefit of the North Daniel Webster : New England hadn’t developed enough to withstand interruptions to trade freely with Britain Henry Clay : American System : help establish manufacturing and bring in revenue for internal improvements. TROUBLE WITH THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES Panic of 1819 : BUS financial crisis: over speculated on land in the west and attempted to curb inflation by pulling back on credit. BUS forced to demand payment in hard specie. Foreclose on farmers who couldn't pay back their debts. THE RISE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM CHANGES IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESS “Rise of the Common Man” Eliminate need for property to vote New 3rd party: Anti-Masons Popular election led to emergence of new democracy, candidates had to run national campaigns MUDSLINGING ELECTION OF 1824 John Adams vs. Andrew Jackson Corrupt bargain : tie: Henry Clay used influence to help Adams win election Whigs : like Federalist Party, opposed Jackson.

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