James_Lewis_Unit8Assignment_SC246.docx

Treatments once a giardia infection is made known by

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Treatments Once a Giardia infection is made known by tests of a person’s feces, treatment can be administered in conjunction with help from a gastroenterologist. The best treatment for Giardia is a certain class of antibiotics called nitroimidazoles. These types of antibiotics use the same metabolic pathway as Giardia, and damages the DNA of the trophozoites with a reduction reaction (Gardner & Hill, 2001). When treated promptly, Giardia does not have many lasting effects. Of the few lasting effects, lactose intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome can occur (Halliez & Buret, 2013). Conclusion Parasites are one of the most devastating worldwide disease-causing pathogens. Although their prevalence is minimal in well developed countries, they continue to cause havoc in other areas. Giardia is the most common parasite infection when talking about unclean water and food. Giardia is interesting in the way it can present with many different clinical symptoms that range from acute or chronic findings. These variety of different symptoms can be contributed to the way Giardia transitions from a cyst to trophozoite. When a Giardia infection is established, it can be easily diagnosed and treated with a variation of antibiotics that disrupt the parasites metabolism. Epidemiologist are not very worried about Giardia as a whole, but they are using the knowledge they gain to plan for future parasites that may affect the ever-growing population.
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GIARDIA INTESTINALIS 5 References About Parasites. (2016). Retrieved January 4, 2018, from Faubert, G. (2000). Immune response to Giardia duodenalis. Clinical Microbiology Reviews , 13 (1), 35–54, table of contents. Retrieved from Gardner, T. B., & Hill, D. R. (2001). Treatment of giardiasis. Clinical Microbiology Reviews , 14 (1), 114–28. Giardia. (2015). Retrieved January 9, 2018, from - info.html Halliez, M. C. M., & Buret, A. G. (2013). Extra-intestinal and long term consequences of Giardia duodenalis infections. World Journal of Gastroenterology , 19 (47), 8974–85.
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