MUS 106 Midterm Review Study Sheet.docx

Countrygospel singer auditions for sun records as

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Country/Gospel singer (Auditions for Sun Records as Gospel artist) -> second label, Columbia - Marries June Carter as second wife (carter family) - Songs: “Folsom Prison Blues” (1955) - Known for it being 11 bar blues instead of 12 - With Nixon, advocate prison reform - Devout christian - Two seasons of primetime TV show on ABC after success of both Live at prison recordings - Performs “What is Truth” and “Man in Black” at White House concert Chuck Berry : (1926-2017) · “Roll Over Beethoven” was covered by The Beatles · St. Louis, then Chicago · Chess Records · “Maybellene” (1955), R&B #1 o Cover of Bob Wills’ “Ida Red” o 170 takes! · Huge influence on later artists · From R&B to Rock ‘n’ Roll · Guitar Solos · Showmanship · Sex, cars, and other fun topics! · Covered by 1000 others · Chuck Berry, “Johnny B. Goode” (1958) o Built on guitar riff o 12-bar blues o #2 R&B, #8 Pop o Rolling Stone Magazine #1 guitar song o Hundreds of covers: Elvis, Buddy Holly, Beatles, Rolling Stones, Beach Boys, Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Grateful Dead, AC/DC, Aerosmith, and Marty McFly, among others Pete Townshend : Jimmy Page : Mick Jagger :
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Eric Clapton : Brian Wilson : · “Surfin’ USA” (1963) o 2 nd album, Billboard #2 o Title track = Chuck Berry, “Sweet Little Sixteen” · “The Wrecking Crew” · Influenced by Phil Spector o Music industry shifts from east to LA · Increasingly complex arrangements, concept albums and more…stay tuned o Surfer Girl (1963) - #7, 1 st official Brian Wilson producer credit o Little Deuce Coupe (1963) - #4 now focus is on cars o All Summer Long (1964) - #4, 1 st post-Beatles album § “I Get around” = 1 st #1 single o Today! (1965) - #4 best before Pet Sounds § “Help Me Rhonda” = 2 nd #1 single o Pet Sounds (1966) - #10 in USA / #2 in UK § “greatest album of all time”? Ritchie Valens : Sister Rosetta : Spiritual lyrics, rhythmic accompaniment, guitar! Early cross-over Arkansas, Chicago, New York “Up Above My Head” w/ Marie Knight (1946) Carl Perkins : Son of sharecroppers, Tennessee Self-taught, began playing local bars, local radio Sun Records, 1955 “Blue Suede Shoes” (1956) 1st white country artist to cross-over to R&B Little Richard : · “Long Tall Sally” was covered by The Beatles …. Jerry Lee Lewis : “The Killer” Born rural Louisiana, evangelical roots
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Piano prodigy Signed by Sun Records 1956 “Whole Lotta Shakin’ Going On” (1957) “Great Balls of Fire” Marries 13 year-old cousin Pat Boone : - Whitewashed a lot of songs - Made money out of colored people’s songs - “Tutti Frutti” - Little Richard - “Ain’t that a Shame” - Fats Domino - Was famous for his ability to make pop hits from songs sung by rhythm & blues singers Sam Cooke : - (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964),known professionally as Sam Cooke , was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.
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