3.There is no such thing as ethical progress. 4.It makes no sense for people to criticize principles or practices accepted by their own society. If one society says something is good and another society does too DOES NOT mean they're equally good. 5.There is a problem thinking that business has its own morality. Rather, it is subject to moral assessment like any other activity. MORAL PRINCIPLES 1. Moral Principles is not purely intellectual, it involves a desire to follow that principle for its own sake. 2.Our conscience evolved as we internalized the moral instructions of the parents or other authority figures who raised us as children. Although as we get older, our motivations are not so simple and our self-understanding is greater. - Telling someone to “follow your conscience” is not always helpful and sometimes can lead to bad advice since our conscience is not always a reliable guide to right and wrong. EXAMPLE HUCKLEBERRY FIN: trying to help his friend, was a slave, but it was illegal so he thought it was wrong but went against his conscience and the end result was doing something right. MORALITY AND SELF INTEREST CAN CONFLICT EXAMPLE: LOVES APPLES SO MUCH, RUNS OUT SO DECIDES TO STEAL FROM A FRIEND TO MAKE THEMSELVES HAPPY. Morality and Self-Interest 1.Morality constrains our self-interested desires. A society’s moral standards allow conflicts to be resolved by an appeal to shared principles of justification. 2.If you do the right thing only because you think you will profit from it, you are not really motivated by moral concerns. 3.When morality and self-interest conflict, what you choose to do will depend on the kind of person you are. 4.People who are exclusively concerned with their own interests tend to have less happy and less satisfying lives than those whose desires extend beyond themselves. This is usually called the “paradox of hedonism.” Hedonism: Only care about yourself Morality in the narrow sense: concerns principles that do or should regulate people’s conduct and relations with others. Morality in the broad sense : Meaning not just the principles of conduct we embrace but also our values, ideals, and aspirations. Individual integrity and responsibility -Pressure to meet corporate objectives, to be a team player, and to conform to organizational norms can sometimes lead people to act unethically.
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- Spring '13
- Adam Smith, Solomon Asch, Kitty Genovese, nonconsequentialists, 2.For Kant