THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND APPLICATION II Family systems theory works well with diversity because most ethnic backgrounds place a high value on family. This idea of family not only includes the immediate family members but also the extended family as well (Corey, 2017). Hispanic culture is one of the cultures that does indeed put emphasis on the family. Hispanic cultural is hierarchal, and it believes in maintaining bonds and taking care of their elderly (Sue, & Sue, 2003). Margarita left all of her family behind in Puerto Rico to have a fresh start in the States. Since she has been married to finds it hard to communicate, and this is causing great internal turmoil. This turmoil is not only caused by a fear that she is losing her family, but also that she is not fully participating in her given role. Family systems theory allows the counselor to put the individuals together and work towards discovering why the family is functioning poorly. Theoretical Application Goals Setting goals is an important way for the client to track progress. The completion of a goal also acts as morale boost, which encourages the completion of more goals. When setting goals, it is important to make sure that the goals are obtainable, and that they align with the needs of the client (Corey, 2017). From a feminist theory standpoint, a common goal is for the client to develop a better sense of self-awareness, esteem, and equality (Mahaney, 2007). Margarita is currently not feeling a sense of equality in her personal or social life. Her esteem is low, and she is embarrassed to socialize with others. Setting goals that help her attain a better sense of who she is would help with her self-esteem. Once Margarita’s self-esteem is raised, she will begin to feel comfortable with herself and the idea of socializing. This can be done through simply looking at her accomplishments and how far she has come, and comparing that to her challenges and those of 8
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND APPLICATION II other Hispanic women. A goal for the practice of family systems theory is learning proper communication, and how it effects the family unit (Corey, 2017). Margarita is currently having trouble communicating her feelings, which turns into yelling. Instead of her husband addressing the behavior he avoids it. Both individuals are communicating poorly, which is leading to a breakdown in the family unit. Family systems therapy would allow the two to learn effective ways of communication, as well as the importance of addressing communication styles (Corey, 2017). Interventions and Techniques Margarita first came to counseling with multiples issues. She needed a way to manage her feelings, as well as a support system to make her feel as though she fits in somewhere. Feminist theory provides ways at which an individual can learn to understand and manage their feelings, while family systems theory offers ways to build strong familial support (Corey, 2017).
- Fall '16
- Psychotherapy, Feminist theory, Family systems theory