Goal is to learn the content and complete tasks and

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goal is to learn the content and complete tasks, and an expert group, which consists of one representative member from each home group. Students meet in their home group to discuss overall goals. Then they meet in their expert group to focus on one specific aspect of the content. After mastering the expert content, each member returns to his or her home group to teach that element to the rest of the group A Jigsaw Arrangement: Home and Expert Groups ( ) Student-Led Reciprocal Teaching Another way teachers can encourage positive interdependence is through reciprocal teaching , or asking group members to assume specific roles when considering a problem. As working adults, we participate in reciprocal teaching each time we gather to plan how to complete a project. After analyzing the task, we discuss what must be done and figure out who will do what. Similarly, reciprocal teaching requires students to work together to achieve a task-related goal. Together, they learn that "sometimes there are several different ways of saying the same thing and that there are many right answers to the same question" (Palincsar, Ransom, & Derber, 1988/1989, p. 38).
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The interactive instructional process known as reciprocal teaching is often used in group work focusing on reading comprehension. The group task is to reach an understanding of a text, and each of the four group members are assigned a role that matches a comprehension strategy: generating questions, summarizing content, clarifying key points, and making predictions about what the author will discuss next. The group discusses the text with each student contributing based on his or her role. Every member of the group is expected to participate and, in fact, needs to participate in order for the group to construct meaning. Students may find task cards helpful as reminders of how to fulfill their role in discussion. Here are some examples of role prompts: (
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  • Fall '10
  • williams
  • partner, Pacific Islander, Home and Expert Groups

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Christopher Reinemann
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