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The authors juxtapose Scheler’s and Manneheim’s perspectives on the sociology of knowledge. They also refer to other sociologists and scholars, such as Talcott Parsons, who support or critique the discipline of the sociology of knowledge. Berger and Luckmann view the sociology of knowledge as part of the bigger picture of the discipline of sociology. They state that the sociology of knowledge and the social construction of reality are interrelated. In order to study knowledge, one must analyze “common sense” and not “ideas” formed by society. They conclude their introduction by asking how things that were once subjective become objective,
2opening up the top of discussion for how reality is socially constructed by people’s knowledge and beliefs.Throughout the first chapter of their book, Berger and Luckmann expand on the idea that knowledge creates action in our daily lives. How we view things changes how we act upon them. We each have individual thoughts and theories that come together with others’ and form a common “sense”, a reality that tends to define our idea of truth and objectivity. The authors reiterate the phrase “the reality of everyday life” to emphasize that reality is constructed by individual actions and thoughts. By splitting the chapter into three parts: “the reality of, the social interaction in and language and knowledge in everyday life”, Berger and Luckmann, using the sociology of knowledge, analyze the social construction of reality. In the social interaction part of the chapter, they discuss what typifications are and how they affect human interaction. In the final section of the first chapter, Berger and Luckmann tie in the idea that language and knowledge contribute to the social construction of reality and its effect on everyday life.