●Attack at _pleiku_ ○February 1965○Left 7 Americans dead and more than 100 wounded○President Johnson responds with _airstikes_ on North Vietnam○Johnson’s _rating_ regarding his handling of Vietnam from 41 to 60 percent●March 1965○Operation Rolling Thunder■Johnson expands US involvement by going to a sustained_bombing_ campaign against Vietnam○Also sends first _combat_ troops to Vietnam
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Bloody Stalemate●Frustrating War○_Vietcong_ use ambushes, booby traps, and guerilla tactics○_Blended in_ with general populations in cities and countrysideand quickly vanished○To counter US went on “_Search and destroy_ ” missions■Find enemy troops, bomb their positions, destroy their supply lines and force them out into the open for combat○Take away Vietcong’s advantage by destroying Jungles■_Napalm_ ●Jellied gasoline that exploded on contact■_Agent Orange_ ●Chemical that strips leaves from trees and shrubs, turning farmland and forest to wasteland●●A Determined Enemy○Vietcong had _no intention_ of surrendering■Willing to accept huge losses in human lives○North Vietnamese support was a major war factor for the _Vietcong_ ■Provided arms, advisers, and significant leadership■Later in the war began to send North Vietnam Army to support Vietcong in the South○Ho Chi Minh trail■Network of _jungle_ paths that North Vietnam used to send arms and supplies south on■Went through _Cambodia and Laos_ to bypass South Vietnam border■No full scale attack on trail because it passed through _uninvolved_ countries○North Vietnam received military weapons and other support from the _Soviet Union and China_ ■Johnson would not order full scale attack on North Vietnam for fear bring China into the war●Limits made it difficult to win●Forced to fight a war of _attrition_
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