When you get mad at your sister y reaction formation

Info icon This preview shows pages 33–40. Sign up to view the full content.

When you get mad at your sister, y Reaction Formation Adopting beliefs, attitudes, and feelings contrary to what you really believe When you say you're not angry when you really are. Rationalization Justifying one's behaviors and motivations by substituting "good", acceptable reasons for these real motivations I always study hard for tests and I know a lot of people who cheat so it's not a big deal I cheated this time. Altruism Handling your own pain by helping others. After your wife dies, you keep yourself busy by volunteering at your church. Humor Focusing on funny aspects of a painful situation. A person's treatment for cancer makes him lose his hair so he makes jokes about being bald. Sublimation Redirecting unacceptable, instinctual drives into personally and socially acceptable channels Intense rage redirected in the form of participation in sports such as boxing or football Suppression The effort to hide and control unacceptable thoughts or feelings You are attracted to someone but say that you really don't like the person at all Undoing Trying to reverse or "undo" a thought or feeling by performing an action that signifies an You have feelings of dislike for someone so you buy them a gift
Image of page 33

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

opposite feeling than your original thought or feeling
Image of page 34
Image of page 35

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 36
Image of page 37

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 38
Main Defense Mechanisms Did you know? Defense mechanisms work by changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable  forms, or by unconsciously blocking such impulses, and thus reducing anxiety. Sigmund Freud  was the first person to develop the concept of defense mechanisms,  however it was his daughter,  Anna Freud , who clarified and conceptualized them. She  described ten different defense  mechanisms:  denial displacement intellectualization projection rationalization reactio n formation regression repression sublimation , and suppression. Later researchers  have added some more defense mechanisms to the list:  compensation  (first described  by  Alfred Adler ),  dissociation fantasy identification undoing , and  withdrawal . There is no theoretical consensus on the number of defense mechanisms. Classifying  defense mechanisms according to some of their properties (i.e. underlying mechanisms, similarities or connections with  personality ) has been attempted. The  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders  (DSM-IV) published by the  American Psychiatric Association (1994) includes a tentative diagnostic axis for defense mechanisms largely based on George Eman Vaillant's (1977) hierarchical view of  defenses. In Vaillant's categorization, defenses form a continuum related to their  psychoanalytical developmental level: Level I - pathological defenses (psychotic denial, delusional projection) Level II - immature defenses (fantasy, projection, passive aggression, acting out)
Image of page 39

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 40
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern