Athena dresses up as an old woman and says that Arachne should ask for

Athena dresses up as an old woman and says that

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Athena dresses up as an old woman and says that Arachne should ask for forgiveness from “the goddess” (herself)
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Arachne doesn’t change her ways and says Athena should compete with her. Athena reveals who she is They each spin beautiful wools and Arachne was ashamed and hung herself. Athena said, “you may live, but still you must hang with this condition, to keep you from all your descendants as well!” Then as she sprinkled the girl with Hecate’s poisons, the venom turned Arachne into a spider – hence the scientific term arachnid to refer to spiders Chapter 10 : Myths of Fertility Intro o The unity of all the female power: fertility of the soil, the reproductive capacities of wild animals, and sexual attraction between men and women This unity is referred to as the Great Mother, or the Great Goddess o Artemis controlled the fertility of wild animals, Aphrodite presided over human sexuality, and Hera protected marriage and the family o The Greek figure whose myths are most closely related to mother-goddesses found in other parts of the Mediterranean world is Demeter , goddess of the grain and the rich harvest o In all of the stories of this chapter – a close association between the female, the underworld, the death of the male, and a focus on the cyclical processes of life forms, which die only to be born again Demeter and Persephone o –meter of Demeter means “mother” o Persephone is often called Kore , “daughter” or “girl” – she is a parthenos , an unmarried virgin o Mary regarded Demeter and Persephone as the Two Demeters or the Two Goddesses: the permanently fertile earth and the seasonal giver of grain o The following myth is about Persephone, daughter of Demeter and Zeus, who gets abducted by Hades, lord of death. Demeter is enraged and refused to allow grain to grow until this compromise: that Persephone spends a third of the year in Hades’ house and two-thirds in the world above Hades captures her and Persephone cries out to her father, Zeus. Only a few immortals heard her. No one could report to Demeter the news of her daughter, but Demeter knew her daughter was taken by someone Hecate came to meet Persephone on the edge of the earth and addressed Demeter and told her that she heard her daughter crying but doesn’t know who abducted her Hecate and Demeter approach Helius, watchman of gods and mortals, and ask him if he has seen who took Persephone and he tells them is it Hades Demeter grieves and disguises herself as she sits under an oak tree. The four beautiful daughters of Celeus approached her: Callithoe, eldest among them, Callidice, lovely Demo, Clisidice – they had no idea Demeter herself was seated before them. They asked where she came from and why she was refraining from entering into the houses
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Demeter tells them that she was brought over the ocean by pirates, who forced her from her homeland. They landed at Thoricus, allowed the
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