DSST fundamentals of counseling

For the most part the patient is allowed to direct

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factors. For the most part the "patient" is allowed to direct the course of the session. Rogers began to use the expression "client" instead of "patient" due to the fact that the individuals that he was counseling did need help but not within the same regard that a medically ill person does. These individuals do not need to completely surrender themselves to a medical expert although they do need help. Today throughout the field of psychology it is a worldwide practice to address the individual as a client instead of a patient. Eventually throughout its development Rogers theory began to be known as "people-centered" due to its expansion beyond psychotherapy to such areas as education, marriage, leadership, parent-child relationships, and the development of professional standards. Within each branch that Rogers theory expanded to there were several basic elements that were applied to each. They were as follows: 1. The individual comes for help. This is the most significant step within the steps of therapy. The individual has taken it upon himself to take the first step for help even if he does not recognize this as the reason he's there. 2. The helping situation is defined. The client is made aware that the counselor does not have the answers, but that with assistance he can , work out his own solutions to his problems.
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3. The counselor encourages free expression of feelings in regard to the problem. The counselor provides the client with a friendly, interested, and receptive attitude, which helps to bring about free expression. 4. The counselor accepts, recognizes, and clarifies negative feelings. Whatever the negative feelings are the counselor must say and do things, which helps the client recognize the negative feelings at hand. 5. When the individual's negative feelings have been expressed they are followed by expressions of positive impulses, which make for growth. 6. The counselor accepts and recognizes the positive feelings in the same manner as the negative feelings. 7. There is insight, understanding of the self, and acceptance of the self along with possible courses of actions. This is the next important aspect because it allows for new levels. 8. Then comes the step of positive action along with the decreasing the need for help. Examples of his Theory Rogers has published many books in which he cites many different sessions with various patients in order to trace their steps through client-centered therapy. In order to better understand the methodology of Rogers therapy let us view the different stages of one specific case. The element of defining the helping situation can be demonstrated in the case of a mother, Mrs. L, and her ten-year-old son, Jim. This mother and her son had gone to a clinic due to the mothers steady complaints of her son. After two diagnostic contacts to assess the situation, the mother was asked if she and her son would like to work through this problem. Somewhat fearful the mother did agree to come in for the first session with a therapist. The counselor then makes it Mrs. L task to provide the atmosphere to discuss
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