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oDred Scott-slave born in Virginia around 1800•Scott's master was an army surgeon. •Scott often traveled with his master over America.•As a result, Scott lived in free territories in the north, when he traveled with his master. Staying for several years living in the free territories of Illinois, and Wisconsin•When his master died, they became the property of the Master's Widow. •The Widow moved to Missouri Scott decided to petition for his freedom. Scott argued that he had stayed in the free territories of the north, entitled he and his wife to "free status" •The question here is, is a slave still a slave if they have lived in the free north territory?
The case dragged on for many years, finally in 1856 the case landed in the Supreme Court.•1857 the court announced its decision. •Roger B. Taney Head of the Supreme Court. Took TWO Hours t read decision. Court ruled that Scott had no right to bring a case in the first place. Taney said that any person of African descent, slave or free, was not a citizen of the United States, according to the Constitution and only citizens could file lawsuits. Taney also declared that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was unconstitutional. Taney claimed that the US congress never had the constitutional right to restrict slavery in the north. This ruling excoriated tensions.Southerners praised the decision, northerners were horrified. Thousands took to the streets, protesting against the decision. Northerners are not happy. They declared they would never permit slavery in the northern states (north said these laws were null and void. •Many also criticized the president Buchanan of bias. •Journalists also uncovered the president of justice siding with them. And southerners. •Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858oLincoln was a self-made man, didn't agree with the decision, was a lawyer and politicianoLincoln in 1858 campaigned for a senate seat, challenging Stephen Douglas. •Stephen Douglas, senator DemocratoLincoln challenged him in their home state of Illinois.oChallenged the question of slavery to voters. •So they had a debate in front of several thousand people. oThese debates are known as the Lincoln Douglas debates. oLincoln denounced the dred-scott decision. •He said that it would permit slavery to spread north. •He argued that slavery was not moral and did even more than that, that slavery Is more than a moral problem, it is a danger to the nation. o"a house divided against itself cannot stand" •We cannot endure half slave half free, needs to be all one way or the other. •Douglas always championed popular sovereignty. •Lincoln lost this race. •The election was close though.