SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS Believe in Aswang Dwende Kapre Tikbalang PatyanakTiyanak

Superstitious beliefs believe in aswang dwende kapre

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SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS : Believe in Aswang, Dwende, Kapre, Tikbalang, Patyanak/Tiyanak. They also believe in magical power of amulet and charms such as anting-anting, kulam and gayuma or love potion. ECONOMIC LIFE: Agriculture in the plane lands: planting of rice, corn, banana, coconut, sugar canes and other kinds of vegetable and fruits. Hunting in high lands. Fishing in river banks and sea. Shipbuilding, weaving, poultry, mining and lumbering. Domestic trade of different barangays by boat. Foreign trade with countries like Borneo, China, Japan, Cambodia, Java, and Thailand. LANGUAGE AND SYSTEM OF WRITING: Major languages: Tagalog, Ilocano, Pangasinan, Pangpangan, Sugbuhanon, Hiligaynon, Magindanaw and
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Samarnon this language is originated from the Malayo-Polenisian language. System of writing: the alphabets consisted of 3 vowels and 14 consonants called Baybayi. They used tap of tress as ink and pointed stick as pencil. They wrote on large plant leaves, bark of a tree or bamboo tubes. WORSHIP OF THE TAGALOGS - No temples - Simbahan- temple or place of adoration - Pandot or a festival celebrated - Sibi - Sorihile - Nagaanitos IDOLS - Bathala - Lic-ha - Dian masalanta (patron of lovers and of generation) - Lacapati and Idianale (patrons of cultivated lands and of husbandry) - Tala - Seven little goats (the Pleiades) - Mapolon (change of seasons) - Balatic (greater Bear) - Buaya - Tigmamanuguin –bird - No established division of years, months, and days - Catolonan (officiating priest) - Offerings and sacrifices - Belief on bearingchild DISTINCTIONS AMONG THE PRIESTS OF THE DEVIL 1. Catalonan 2. Mangangauay (witches) 3. manyisalat 4. mancocolam 5. Hocloban
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6. Silagan 7. Magtatangal 8. Osuang 9. Mangagayoma 10. Sonat 11. Pangatahojan 12. Bayoguuin - manner of burying the dead of the tagalogs - manner of burying dead of the Aetas or Negrillos - maca - casanaan - sitan - tigbalaang - patianac Content Analysis: The document was the product of Juan de Plasencia’s observation thus the document could be partially biased and opinionated based on the observations and judgments of Juan de Plasencia. In a review with regards to the document of Sherwin Mapanoo, Plasencia was tasked by the King of Spain to document the customs and traditions of the colonized (“natives”) based on, arguably, his own observations and judgments. Notably, de Plasencia wrote the Doctrina Cristiana, an early book on catechism and is believed to be the first book ever printed in the Philippines. Such initiatives were an accustomed practice of the colonizer during the Age of Discovery to enhance their superiority over the colonized and validity of their so-called duties and legacies to the World. It is a common fact that during this era, the Spanish colonizers, spearheaded by missionaries, drew a wide variety of texts ranging from travel narratives and accounts of the colony to even sermons. In this particular text, de Plasencia tried to avoid discussing the “conflicting reports of the Indians” through an “informed observation” to obtain the “simple truth.” This “truth,” however, is debatable, and the manner of how he actually arrived to his reports is even more problematic. The text foregrounds two important figures: the
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