3 have a general understanding of the

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3. have a general understanding of the Hesperornithiformes, their lifestyle & derived characters 4. have a general understanding of the Ichthyornithiformes, their lifestyle & derived characters Chapter 15- Dinosaur Thermoregulation Upon completion of this chapter, the student should- 1. Have an understanding of the different types of metabolisms and thermoregulation In other words, what do the terms endotherm, ectotherm, homeotherm, and poikilotherm mean? 2. Know the breadth of the evidence for and against dinosaur endothermy including: 2a. Anatomical evidence Buccal pumping vs using both lungs Limb anatomy, inferred activity levels, and calculated walking and running speeds Assorted adaptations for processing large volumes of food- Hearts- # of chambers Air movement and water loss Histology- Bone growth 2c. Zoogeography Dinosaur distribution compared to modern distribution for crocodiles and snakes 2d. Phylogeny- Insulation
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Chapter 16- End-Cretaceous Extinction Event Upon completion of this chapter, the student should: 1. Have an understanding of the scope of the extinction event in which Dinosaurs disappeared 2. Know the evidence for a large scale volcanic eruption contemporaneous with the extinction Where? Why? 3. Know the evidence for a large bolide impact contemporaneous with the extinction Where? Iridium layer, Shocked Quartz, Tektites, etc. 4. Have an understanding of the consequences of these events to life on earth Why would these events have made life on earth suffer? 5. Have an understanding of other theories for the demise of the Dinosaurs Lecture 10- Saurischian characters and the Sauropodomorpha Be able to recognize the basal saurischians Herrerasaurus, Eodromaeus, Eoraptor , Staurikosaurus & Saturnalia. When were most alive? Derived characters which separate the Sauropodamorpha from the Therapoda include? Prosauropods are what fraction of the Sauropodamorpha diversity? 1/3 of total diversity When did they live? Late Triassic Where did they live? Every continent except Australia What were their arms and feet like? Front limbs shorter than rear, all limbs had five digits. How did they digest their food? Gastroliths/Fermentation Evidence for that? Big lower ½ of the torso. Be able to recognize Plateosaurus , & when and where it lived. Upper Triassic of Western Europe Be able to recognize and know the particulars about Massospondylus . Where? When? Nests and babies? South Africa, Early Jurassic, clutches of about 10 small eggs. Hatchlings with underdeveloped bones so implies parental care. Age, location, and what is unusual about Mussaurus patagonicus? South America (Patagonia) Late Triassic, small size Lecture 11- Sauropoda In general what was the head like? Small, lightly built, Teeth? Lanceolate to peg-like How did these dinosaurs digest their food? Gastroliths/Fermentation What are nuchal ligaments, and what use are they? Ligament which rests along the dorsal side of the vertebrae, connecting the neck, back and front part of the tail vertebrae all to each other. Helped keep the neck and tail horizontal, so they wouldn’t be expending muscle energy to do so.
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  • Spring '11
  • Baxter
  • Sula, Late Cretaceous, Theropoda

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