4.1.3 Gross Value Added (GVA) 184.108.40.206 Division of GVA into Wage and Non-wage Income The I-O table 2007-08 provides GVA for 130 sectors. These 130 sectors have been aggregated into 78 sectors for the SAM. For dividing GVA into wage and non-wage income following methods have been applied. Agriculture, Allied Activities, and Mining The NAS divides the net value added (NVA) into compensation to employees (CE) and operating surplus/mixed income separately for the organised and unorganised components of agriculture and animal husbandry. From 1980–81 to 1989–90, the NAS divided mixed income into the income of family labour and operating surplus (CSO 1994). By using the proportions of 1989-90, mixed income has been divided into wage and non-wage incomes. Wage income due to family labour has been added to the actual wage income from the organised and unorganised components to get the total income due to labour. The remaining part of the net domestic product is the operating surplus. The same proportions have been used for the six sectors under agriculture. The NVAs for these sectors have been obtained from the corresponding GVAs by using the depreciation- to-GVA ratio for the entire agriculture sector, as available from the NAS 2011. For forestry, fishing, and all the four sectors of mining, the mixed income in the unorganised part is divided into wage income and operating surplus by using the same ratio as in agriculture. The total value-added in each of these sectors is divided into its components by applying the same method as used for agriculture. For mining, the NVA from the unorganised part is only about 7 per cent. 5 This is the measure of monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) obtained by the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) when household consumer expenditure on items of clothing and bedding, footwear, education, institutional medical care, and durable goods is recorded for a reference period of ‘last 365 days’, and expenditure on all other items is recorded with a reference period of ‘last 30 days’.
9 Manufacturing Industries Manufacturing industries, which include organised and unorganised industries, have been grouped into 36 sectors. Each sector represents both types of industries. The ratio of wages and non-wages income for the organised manufacturing industries is taken from the Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) 2007–08. Wage income includes wages and other benefits from firms to employees. The ratio of wage and non-wage income for unorganised manufacturing industries has been taken from the NSSO 62 nd round survey (year 2005-06). Construction The wage and non-wage incomes for the organised construction sector are separately available from the NAS. The whole of mixed income except the interest and rent charges under the unorganised construction sector is assumed as wage income.
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- Household income in the United States, National accounts, Income distribution, Household final consumption expenditure, Social accounting matrix