Learning objective NA Cognitive Domain Analysis Answer Location

Learning objective na cognitive domain analysis

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@ Learning objective: N/A; Cognitive Domain: Analysis; Answer Location: Pgs. 96-98; Question Type: ESS Answer Selected Answer: Macro and Micro level theories indicate the importance of social control on developmental pathways that lead to delinquency and criminal involvement. The importance of social control determines how individuals develop. Both theories recognize that structural and historical factors influence the ability of communities under certain conditions in poor areas, per Sampson and Laub, and second-generation communities of Mexican Americans. They provide effective social control to residents. In the Gangs in America book, it states that Sampson and Laub pay more attention to key features of social disorganization theory, and that Vigil is more explicit about key features of societal-level theories. Developmental theories such as Vigil’s theories incorporate macrohistorical and macrostructural variables into their models face the largest challenges to empirical testing. Correct Answer: Answer: Varies. Students should refer to a number of developmental theories such as Sampson and Laub’s age- graded informal social control theory and Vigil’s multiple marginality theory. Students should then indicate that both theories indicate the importance of social control on developmental pathways that lead to delinquency and criminal involvement. In focusing on the importance of social control in determining how individuals develop, these two theories also recognize that structural and historical factors influence the ability of communities under certain conditions (e.g., poor areas, per Sampson and Laub, or second- generation communities of Mexican Americans, per Vigil) to provide effective social control to residents. While Sampson and Laub pay more attention to key features of social disorganization theory (e.g., informal social control), Vigil is more explicit about key features of societal-level theories (e.g., marginalization in conflict theory). Students should then indicate that developmental theories such as Vigil’s that
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incorporate macrohistorical and macrostructural variables into their models face the largest challenges to empirical testing, since variables such as those are difficult to measure. Response Feedback : [None Given] Question 49 3 out of 3 points Decker and Vin Winkle (1996) imply that joining a gang for protection is an instrumental reason to become a gang member. Answer Selected Answer: Tru e Correct Answer: Tru e Question 50 3 out of 3 points In their social developmental model, Catalano and Hawkins (1996) assert that ______. Answer Selected Answer: gang involvement is based on both prosocial and antisocial developmental pathways Correct Answer: gang involvement is based on both prosocial and antisocial developmental pathways Wednesday, November 4, 2015 4:40:26 PM EST
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